沥青烟的治理方法

沥青烟的治理方法

LIQINGYANZHUYAOYOUQI、YELIANGXIANGZUCHENG。YEXIANGBUFENSHISHIFENXIWEIDEHUIFALENGNINGWU,LIJINGDUOZAI0.1-1.0umZHIJIAN,XIAODEYUE0.01um,DADEYUE10um。QIXIANGSHIBUTONGQITIDEHUNHEWU。DUIYUZHEIZHONGNONGDUBUGAOYOUJIWEIFENSANDELIQINGYANWU,YONGCHANGGUIDEFANGFABUKENENGJIANGQIJINGHUA,MUQIANZHENGZAIYANJIUHUODEYIYINGYONGDEJINGHUAFANGFAYOU4ZHONGLEIXING,JIRANSHAOFA、DIANBUFA、XIFUFAHEXISHOUFA。

(YI)RANSHAOFA:LIQINGYANZHONGHANYOUDALIANGKERANSHAODEWUZHI,YINWEILIQINGYANDEJIBENCHENGFENWEITINGLEIHUAHEWU,QIZHONGYOUHANYOUYOULIJIQITAKERANXINGDEWUZHI,YINCIZAIYIDINGDEWENDUXIA,JINGGONGYANGSHIKEYIBAOZHENGQIRANSHAODE。SHIYANZHENGMING,DANGWENDUCHAOGUO790℃SHI,RANSHAOSHIJIAN>0.5s,GONGYANGCHONGZUDETIAOJIANXIA,TINGLEIWUZHIKEYIRANSHAODEHENWANQUAN;DANGWENDU>900℃SHIMA,HUNZAZAILIQINGYANZHONGDEQITAWUZHIYENENGRANSHAODEHENWANQUANLE。

RANSHAOFADEYINGXIANGYINSUZHUYAOYOULIANGDIAN,YISHILIQINGYANDENONGDUYUEGAO,YUEYOULIYUFENSHAODEJINXING;ERSHIRANSHAODEWENDUYUSHIJIAN,YIBANZAI800-1000℃ZUOYOU,RANSHAOSHIJIANYINGGAIKONGZHIZAI0.5sZUOYOU。RUGUOWENDUBUZU,SHIJIANBUGOU,ZEFENSHAOBUWANQUAN;RUOWENDUGUOGAOSHIJIANGUOZHANG,ZEHUISHIBUFENLIQINGYANTANHUACHENGKELI,ERYIFENMOXINGSHISUIYANQIPAICHU,CHANSHENGERCIWURAN。

YONGRANSHAODEFANGFACHULIJIAOYOUPAIQISHILIRUXIA:

1、JIANYAOJILI

JIANGHANYOUFANGTINGHUAHEWUZHENGQIDEPAIQILENGQUEZHILUDIANWENDUSHI,ZEQITIZHONGDEZHENGQIFENYADENGYUTAZAIGAIWENDUXIADEZHENGQIYA。ZAIJIXULENGQUEFANGTINGHUAHEWUZHENGQININGCHENGYETIERYUQITIFENLI,WENDUYUEDI,ZHENGQIFENYAYUEDA,LENGNINGLIANGYUEDA。DANGYONGLENGQUESHUIBUNENGZOUXIAOSHI,YINGDANGCAIYONGLENGDONGSHUIZUOLENGMEI。

PAIQIDERANSHAOFA,WANGWANGSHIZAIGONGYIGUOCHENGDEWEIBU,YIBANDESHIJIANGPAIQIZISHENDIANRANERSHAODIAO,SHIQIZHONGKERANXINGDEFANGTINGLEIYOUJIWUZHUANHUAWEIWUHAIDETANQINGYANGHUAWU。YAOQIUZHIJIERANSHAODEPAIQIFAHUOJIXIANDEFARELIANGWEI1924kj/m3ZUOYOU。RUGUOPAIQIZHONGHANKERANXINGDEWURANWUDENONGDUJIAODI,BUZUYIZISHENZHIJIERANSHAO,KECAIQUFENSHAOFA,SHIQIZAI600-700℃DEHUANJINGXIAFENJIEHEYANGHUA,KECHULIFARELIANGYUE753kj/m3DEPAIQI。WEIBAOZHENGWANQUANRANSHAO,BIXUYOUGUOLIANGDEYANGHEZUGOUDEWENDU,ZAICIWENDUXIAPAIQIYOUZUGOUDETINGLIUSHIJIAN,BINGQIEYAOYOUGAODUDETUANLIU。

2、JIAOYOUZHENGLIUZONGHEPAIQIDECHULI

(1)ZONGHEPAIQIDELIUCHENG

JIAOYOUZHUTATADINGYALISHI13.3kPa,TADINGFENYOUZHENGQIJINGGUOKONGQILENGQUEQI,FENYOULENGQUEQILENGNINGLENGQUEHOU,DADAOFENLEIBAOHEZHENGQIFENYADEWEIQI,ZAIDAQILENGNINGQINEIYONG40℃DEXIYOUJINXINGJIECHUXISHOULENGNING,JINRUZHENKONGCAO,JINGZHENKONGBENGYOUJIANGZHENKONGPAIQISONGRUPAIQIXIJINGTA。JINXINGDIERCIXIYOUJIECHUXISHOULENGNINGZHIHOU,ZAIJINRUPAIQIMIFENGCAO。QIXISHOULENGNINGYESHOUJIZAIREXIYOUCAO,XUNHUANSHIYONG。

QICI,ZHONGJIANCAOPAIQIHUIJIYUZONGHEPAIQIGUAN,ZAIZONGHEPAIQILENGQUEQINEI,YONG33℃DEXUNHUANSHUILENGNINGZHIHOU,JINRUPAIQIMIFENGCAO。

HUIJIZAIPAIQIMIFENGCAODEFEIQI、QISHUIFENGGAODUWEI100mm。CHUKOUQITIJINRUJIAOYOUJIARELURANSHAOQIDEFEIQIPENZUI,PENDAOYUE650℃DEFUSHESHI,LIYONGGAOWENJIANGQIFENJIEHEYANGHUA。

(2)DUIYUPAIQICHULIGONGYIDEFENXI

YOUYUZHENKONGPAIQIZHONG,HANYOUFENLEIYOUJIHUAHEWUNONGDUGAO,YONGXIYOUPENSAJIECHULENGNINGXISHOU,BINGZAIZHENKONGBENGQIANHOULENGNINGLIANGCI,JINDAXIANDUHUISHOUPAIQIZHONGDEWURANWU。XISHOUDAOXIYOUZHONGDEFENLEIZHONGGUOJINGCAIWANGBUXUFENLI,KESUIXIYOUYIQIXUNHUANSHIYONG。ZONGHEPAIQISHIYIBANFANGSANQITI,HANFANGTINGNONGDUJIAODI,BUYONGXIYOULENGNINGXISHOU,KEYONGSHUIJIANJIELENGNING,YIBIANJIANSHAOSHUIHEWURANWUDEFENLIDEKUNNAN。

PAIQIMIFENGCAOSHIFEIQIBAOCHIYIDINGDESHUSONGYALI,YESHIFANGZHIJIARELUFEIQIPENZUIHUIHUODEANQUANCUOSHI。FEIQIPENZUIYUJIARELUDERANSHAOQIZUHEZAIYIQI,KELIYONGRANSHAOQIDEERCIKONGQIDEDAOZUGOUDEYANGQI,RANSHAOWANQUAN,YIDADAOFANGZHIDAQIWURANDEXIAOGUO。

(3)SHEBEIGUIGEJISHEJICANSHU

YICHULI400t/dJIAOYOUDEZHUANGZHIWEILI,SHEBEIGUIGEJICANSHUJIANBIAO:

(ER)DIANBUFA

GAIFASHIJIYUJINGDIANCHANGDEYIXIEXINGZHIERJINXINGDE。LIQINGYANZHONGDEKELIJIDAFENZIJINRUDIANCHANGHOU,ZAIJINGDIANCHANGDEZUOYONGXIAKEYIZAISHANGBUTONGDEDIANHE,BINGQUXIANGJIBAN, BEIBUJIHOUJUJIAOWEIYETIZHUANG,KAOZISHENZHONGSHUNBANLIUXIA,CONGJINGDIANBUJIQIDIBUDINGQIPAICHU,JINGHUAHOUDEYANQIPAICHU,CONGERDADAOJINGHUALIQINGYANDEMUDE。

GAIFANGFADEYOUDIANSHI:

(1)HUISHOUDELIQINGCHENGJIAOYOUZHUANGQIEJUNRONGYUBENHUOHUANYIWAN,KEFANHUISHENGCHANXITONGHUOZUORANLIAOSHIYONG;

(2)XITONGZULIXIAO、NENGHAODI、YUNXINGFEIYONGDI。

QUEDIANSHI:

(1)DUIYANWENYAOQIUJIAOGAO,YIBANYINGKONGZHIZAI70-80℃,WENDUGUOGAOBULIYUJINGDIANBUJI,WENDUGUODIYOUYIYUNINGJIEZAIJIBANSHANG;

(2)GANSHIDIANBUJIDUIQIXIANGZUFENDEBUJIXIAOLVJIHUDENGYULING,ERSHISHIJINGDIANBUJIQISUIRANKEBUJIQITAILIQING,DANZENGJIALEWUSHUICHULISHEBEIHEWEIXIUFEIYONG;

(3)LIQINGYIRAN,YOUSHIHUIFASHENGFANGDIANZHEHUOXIANXIANG,YINCIJINGDIANBUJIQIBUNENGYONGYUTANFENCHENDEBUJIHUISHOU,TEBIESHIBUSHIHEYONGYUTANFENCHENYULIQINGYANQIHUNHEQITIDEJINGHUA;

(4)ZHANGQIYUNXINGJINGHUAXIAOLVJIANGDI;

(5)YICIXINGTOUZIDA,ZHANDIMIANJIDA。

(SAN)XIFUFA

XIFUFAJICAIYONGGEZHONGKELIXIAOHUODUOKONGJUYOUJIAODABIBIAOMIANJIDEWUZHI(RUJIAOTANFEN、YANGHUALV、BAIYUNSHIFENHUOHUASHIFENDENG)ZUOXIFUJI,DUILIQINGYANJINXINGWULIXIFU。JUTIXIFUJIDEXUANDINGYAOJIEHESHIJISHENGCHANXINGZHIYUTEDIAN。JINGHUASHEBEIKECAIYONGGUDINGCHUANG、LIUHUACHUANGJISHUSONGCHUANGDENG,JUTISHEBEIYINGSHIJINGHUALIQINGYANDENONGDU、XIFUJIDEXINGZHI、JINGHUABIAOZHUNDENGTIAOJIANERDING。

GAIFANGFADEYOUDIANSHI:

(1)GONGYIJIANDAN,JINGHUAXIAOLVGAO;

(2)XIFUJIWUXUZAISHENG,KEZHIJIEFANHUISHENGCHANXITONG;

(3)TOUZISHENG、YUNXINGFEIYONGDI,CAOZUOWEIXIUFANGBIAN,WUERCIWURAN。

QUEDIANSHI:

(1)XITONGZULITAIDA,KEDADAO2000Pa;

(2)ZHANDIMIANJIDA,XIFUGUANJIAOZHANG,HUISHOUXIFUJIDEDAISHICHUCHENMIANJIJIAODA。

(SI)XISHOUFA

XISHOUFAJICAIYONGYOUJILEIYETIZUOXISHOUJI,SHILIQINGYANDEHUNHEYANQIYUXISHOUJINILIUCHONGFENJIECHUBINGBEIXIDI,CHUQUYANQIYOUDUZUFEN,DADAOJINGHUADEMUDE;XIANSHIYONGGUODEXIFUJIYOUXIYOU、CHAIYOUHESHUI。XISHOUFADUOYONGYUJIAOHUACHANG、TULIAOCHANGHESHIYOUHUAGONGCHANGDENG。

GAIFANGFADEZHUYAOYOUDIANSHISHEBEIJIANDAN、WEIXIUFANGBIAN、XITONGZULIXIAO、NENGHAODI、YUNXINGFEIYONGSHAO;QIQUEDIANSHICUNZAIERCIWURAN,JINGHUADEXIAOLVBUGAO。YINCIHAIMEIYOUDEDAOBIJIAOGUANGFANDEYINGYONG,HAIXUJINYIBUYANJIU、SHIYANHEGAIJIN。