高浓度高COD污水处理工艺概述

1、高浓度高COD污水概述

GONGYEWUSHUILAIYUANGUANG、ZHONGLEIDUO,SUIZHEGONGYESHENGCHANJISHUDETIGAO,GONGYEFEISHUIZHONGDECHENGFENYEBIANDEDUOZHONGDUOYANG。QIZHONGDEGAOXUYANGWURANWU、YOUDUWURANWUSHIGONGYEFEISHUIDETEDIANJIZHONGTIXIANWEISANGEFANGMIAN:GAONONGDU,GAOANDAN,NANJIANGJIE。BUTONGDEFEISHUIXUYAOBUTONGDECHULIFANGFA。

GAONONGDUSHIZHIFEISHUIZHONGHANYOUDEYOUJIWUJIAODUO,QIBIAOZHENGWEICODZHIJIAOGAO,WANGWANGGUOWAN。DUIYUCILEIFEISHUIDANCHUNYIKAOHAOYANGSHENGWUCHULISHIWUFASHIXIANDABIAOPAIFANGDE。GAOANDANSHIZHISHUIZHONGHANYOUNH4+JIAOGAO,QIDUIYANYANGCHANJIAWANGUOCHENGYOUSHIFENQIANGLIEDEYIZHIZUOYONG。NANJIANGJIESHIZHIFEISHUIZHONGKEZHIJIEBEIWEISHENGWULIYONGDECHENGFENJIAOSHAO,B/CZHIJIAODI,BUSHIYICAIYONGSHENGHUAFACHULI,WANGWANGXUYAOJINXINGYUCHULILAITIGAOQISHENGHUAXING。SHUICHULIGONGZUOZHEJINGGUODUONIANYANJIU,DUIYUCHULIYISHANGDANYIFANGMIANTEDIANDEGONGYEFEISHUI,YIYOUJIAOCHENGSHUDEGONGYI。DANSUIZHEGONGYESHENGCHANDECHANLIANGHUAJIZHONGGUOJINGCAIWANGDEDUOYANGHUA,XIANZAIDEGONGYEFEISHUIWANGWANGTONGSHIJUYOUYISHANGSANZHONGTEDIAN,YUANYOUCHENGSHUDECHULIGONGYIYIYUANYUANBUNENGMANZUCILEIFEISHUIDABIAOPAIFANGDEYAOQIU。YUCITONGSHI,GONGZHONGDEHUANBAOYISHIBUDUANZENGQIANG,GUOJIADUIYUHUANJINGWENTIRIYIZHONGSHI,FALVFAGUIYEYUJIAYANGE,CILEIFEISHUIDECUNZAIZUYIJIBANYIGEQIYEDEFAZHANYUZHUANGDA,CHENGWEIMEIGEMIANLINCILEIWENTIQIYEDEFAZHANPINGJING。WOZHONGGUOJINGCAIWANGZHENDUICILEIGONGYEFEISHUIDESHUIZHITEDIAN,ZHUTIYITUOYUSHENGWUCHULIFANGFA,CAIYONGZUIXINYANFADEWUSHUICHULIJISHU,SHEJIGAOXIAOYANYANGFANYINGQI(HAF)+LIULISHENGWUFANYINGQI(FSBBR)+ QIANGHUAXINGMOSHENGWUFANYINGQI(MEBR),DUIBUTONGXINGYEDEGAONONGDU,GAODANDANNANJIANGJIEGONGYEFEISHUIJINXINGDUOCIXIANCHANGSHIYAN,JUNQUDELECHENGGONG,XIANGGUANDEZHIWUJISHUZAISHIJIANZHONGDEDAOLEYANZHENG。GAIJISHUSHIYONGYUZHIYAOCHANGWUSHUI、HUAGONGCHANGWUSHUI、YIYUANWUSHUI、TUZAICHANGWUSHUI、ZAOZHICHANGWUSHUI、YINRANCHANGWUSHUI、PIGECHANGWUSHUIDENG,TONGSHIKEGENJUBUTONGXINGYEDEFEISHUITEDIANJISHUIZHITIAOJIANJINXINGYOUHUAZUHE,YIDADAOZUIJIACHULIXIAOGUO。QIYUCHUANTONGCHULIGONGYIXIANGBIJISHUKEJIHANLIANGGAO、TOURUCHANCHUBIGAO、JIANSHESHIJIANDUAN、JIANXIAOKUAI、ZHANDIMIANJISHAO、SHIJIYUNXINGXIAOGUOXIANZHU。

2、高浓度高cod污水处理技术简介

2.1 HAF(Hybrid Anaerobic Filter)GAOXIAOYANYANGFANYINGQI

GAOXIAOYANYANGSHENGWULVCHISHIYIGENEIBUTIANCHONGYOUGONGWEISHENGWUFUZHEDETIANLIAODEYANYANGFANYINGQI。TIANLIAOJINMEIZAISHUIZHONG,WEISHENGWUFUZHEZAITIANLIAOSHANG。FEISHUICONGXIABUJINRUFANYINGQI,TONGGUOGUDINGTIANLIAOCHUANG,ZAIYANYANGWEISHENGWUDEZUOYONGXIA,FEISHUIZHONGDEYOUJIWUBEIYANYANGFENJIE。YANYANGSHENGWULVCHIJUYOUJIAODADEKANGCHONGJIFUHENENGLI,YIBANYIWEIZAIXIANGTONGDEWENDUTIAOJIANXIA,YANYANGSHENGWULVCHIDEFUHEKEGAOCHUYANYANGJIECHUDENGQITAGONGYI2-3BEI,TONGSHIHUIYOUJIAOGAODECODQUCHULV。HAFGAOXIAOYANYANGFANYINGQIJUYOURUXIATEDIAN:

① CODQUCHULVDA80%YISHANG;

② KUAISUQIDONG,2ZHOUHOUCODQUCHULVKEDADAO60%YISHANG,QIEWUXUJIEZHONGYANYANGWUNI;

③ CHANGWENXIAYUNXING,KANGCHONGJIFUHENENGLIQIANG;

④ BUYONGDIAOZHENGPHZHI,JIESHENGYAOJIFEI;

⑤ KEJIANXIEYUNXING;

⑥ KANGDUSAINENGLIQIANG;

⑦ WUXUZHUANRENGUANLI。

2.2 FSBBR(Flow Separate Bed Bio-react)LIULISHENGWUFANYINGQI

FSBBRSHIYIZHONGSHENGWUMOFAFANYINGQI,ZAIFANYINGQINEIJIARUXINXINGDESHENGWUTIANLIAO,SHENGWUMOFUGAIZAITIANLIAOBIAOMIAN,YOUJIWUZAISHENGWUMONEIKUOSANDETONGSHIBEIWEISHENGWUSUOJIANGJIE。TIANLIAOZAIFSBBRCHIYUNXINGDEGUOCHENGZHONGSHIYIYANYANG、JIANYANG、HAOYANGDEDUOBIANHUANJING。

2.2.1 JISHUGAISHU:

“LIULI”XIANXIANG,SHIYIZHONGZIRANXIANXIANG,LIUTIZAILIUDONGZHONGZONGCUNZAIZHEBUTONGDELIUSUKUAIHELIUSUMANDECHANGSUO,GUTIWUHEYOUJIWUJIAOTIZAILIUTIDELIUDONGZHONG,ZONGSHIYOULIUSUKUAIDEYICEXIANGLIUSUMANDEYICEJIZHONGJUJI,ZHEIZHONGXIANXIANGCHENGZHIWEI“LIULI”。“LIULI”SHICHANSHENGYUJINNIANDEYIZHONGYOUJIFEISHUICHULIDEXINJISHU,ZHEIZHONGJINGHUAJISHUZAIWUYALI、ZHIXUSHUITISHAOWEILIUDONG,WUSHUIZHONGDEPIAOFUWUZHUJIANJIZHONGZAILIUSUMANDEDIFANGCHANSHENGLIULIXIANXIANG。JINGGUOWUSHUCILIULIZUOYONG,SHIWUSHUIZHONGDEGUXINGWUHEYOUJIWUJIAOTIYUSHUIFENLI,ZUIZHONGSHUIZAILIULISHENGHUACHIZHONGTINGLIUJIXIAOSHI,ERZAZHITINGLIUJIRIHUOJIZHOU,BEIFUZHEDESHENGWUJUNSHENGHUAFENJIE,BIANCHENGH2O、CO2、N2,ZHIYAOCHUCHENCHIBABURONGJIEWUJIZHIQUCHUHOU,JIUWUWUNICHANSHENG,DADAODUOZHONGSHUICHULIXIAOGUO,TONGSHIGOUCHENGLELIULISHENGHUAJISHU。

2.2.2 LIULISHENGHUAJISHUDEXINGNENG:

TIANLIAOYUSHUIPINGMIANSUOCHENGDEJIAODUYUEXIAO,ZAIFENPEISHUILIUNENGLIYUEQIANGWEISHENGWUHEYOUJIWUZHIJIANJIECHUYEYUECHONGFEN,RONGJIEXINGCODcrHEBOD5QUCHUXIAOGUOYUEHAO。SHIJIYUNXINGGUOCHENGZHONGLVCHIZHONGDETIANLIAOKEQIDAOLIULIZUOYONG,DUIWEISHENGWUSHENGZHANGKUAI,QIDONGSHIJIANDUAN,KEWEICHIJIAOGAODESHENGHUALIANG。

2.2.3 GONGYITEDIAN:

① YOUYUCAIYONGLEGUDINGTIANLIAO,CHEDIJIEJUELEWUNIPENGZHANGDEWENTI,QIETIGAOLEXITONGDEKANGCHONGJIFUHENENGLI。WUXUHUOXINGWUNIPEIJUN,KEZIXINGGUAMO,DUIWEISHENGWUSHENGZHANGKUAI,GUQIDONGSHIJIANDUAN。

② TIANLIAOYUJINSHUISUOCHENGJIAODUXIAO,JIECHUCHONGFEN,RONGJIEXINGCODcrQUCHULVGAODA70-98%,YOUYUCUNZAITIANLIAODUIQIPAODEQIEGEZUOYONG,KEYISHIYANGDELIYONGLVTIGAOZHI16%

③ PUQIXITONGCAIYONGCHUANKONGGUAN,JIEJUELEPUQITOUYIHUAIXUYAOGENGHUANDENANTI,JIEYUETOUZI,WEIHUJIANDAN,SHIYONGSHOUMINGKEDA20NIAN。

④ JIANGHRTHESRTFENKAI,GUTITINGLIUSHIJIANZHANGDA20JITIAN,YOULIYUXIAOHUAJUNDESHENGZHANG,YOUHENHAODETUODANXIAOGUO;

⑤ YUCHUANTONGDEHUOXINGWUNIFADANYIDESHENGWUQUNBUTONG,FSBBRGONGYIZHONGKEYIXINGCHENGWANZHENGDESHIWULIAN,TONGGUOWEISHENGWUDEZHUJIJIANGJIE,CHEDIDEJIANGSHUIZHONGDEYOUJIWURANWUQUCHU。TAYUDANYISHENGWUHUANJINGDEGENBENQUBIEJIUZAIYUYIKAOWANZHENGDESHIWULIANZHUJIJIANGJIEWUNI,CONGERDALIANGDEJIANGDILEWUNIPAIFANGLIANG,ERCHANSHENGSHAOLIANGZHIXUYAOTONGGUOWUNIBENGDINGQIWAIPAIYUNCHUJIKE,CONGGENBENSHANGJIEJUELEWUNICHANSHENGDALIANGYIWEIJICHULIXITONGFUZADECAOZUOGUANLI,JIANGDILEFEIYONG。

⑥ CAIYONGXINXINGSHENGWUZAITI,ZAIHAOYANG、YANYANG、QUEYANGDUANDOUSHIYONGGAIZAITI,TONGGUOKONGZHILIANGHAODEHUNHEYEHUILIU,ZAITONGYIGOUZHUWUZHONGPEIYANGCHUXIAOHUAJUNHEFANXIAOHUAJUN,CHENGGONGSHIXIANLETONGBUXIAOHUAFANXIAOHUA,TIGAOANDANQUCHULVZENGQIANGDUILINDECHULINENGLI。

⑦ TONGSHIYOUYUZAIZAITIWAIBUSHUILIUSUDUKUAI,ERQIEDALIANGPUQI,YINCIZHENGGECHIZICHUZAIYIZHONGHAOYANGDEZHUANGTAIXIA,DANZAIZAITINEIBUHUICHUXIANQUEYANGJIQIYANYANGDEFANYING,ZHEIZHONGYANYANGDEZHUANGTAIBEIZHENGGEDEHAOYANGZHUANGTAISUOBAOWEI,YINCIGAIJISHUBUCHANSHENGCHOUQI,CONGGENBENSHANGJIEJUECHUANTONGGONGYISHANGCUNZAIDEQIWEIWENTI。

LIULISHENGHUAZUNXUNSIGEYUANZE,ZEKEXIAOCHUWUNIFASHENG:

① JUJIEGUXINGWU,WEISHENGWUDALIANGFANZHI;

② SHIJUJIEDEGUXINGWUCHANSHENGYIDONG;

③ YIDONGSHI,HAOYANG、YANYANGGUOCHENGDUOCIZHONGFUFASHENG;

④ GUXINGWUZAIGOUZHUWUNEIBUDUANYIDONG,QITINGLIUSHIJIANANRIDANWEIJISUAN。

YISHANGSIYUANZEPANDUANRUXIASANZHONGGUYEFENLIYUANLIJIUKEYIDEZHI:

① CHENDIAN:FENLIDEGUTIDUIJIZAICHIDIBUWUYIDONGXINGNENG,YUANFENGBUDONGDEDANYIHUANJING,GUBUFENJIE;

② GUOLV:BEIJIEZHIGUOLVXIALAIDESS,JUJIDAOYICHU,QIZHUANGTAIHECHENDIANYUANLIYIYANG,NANYIYIDONG,YINCIYIBUFENJIE;

③ LIULI:JIZHONGZAISHENGWUZAITINEI,JINGGUOYANYANGZHUANGTAISHIQISHUIJIESUANHUA、LIUCHU、ZAIBEIHAOYANGFENJIE,YINCI,WUNITONGGUOSHENGWUZAITILIANXUBUDUANDELIULI,CHANSHENGFENJIEHEXIAOHUA。

YISHANGDEZHISHENGHUALIULIBUXUYAOCHULIWUNI,SUOYISHIMUQIANJINGHUAYOUJIWUSHUIGONGYIZHONGDEJIAOLIXIANGDEFANGAN。FSBBRGONGYICHINEIDETIANLIAOCAIYONGSHIXINXINGSHENGWUZAITI,GAITIANLIAOSHIGUOWAIJINNIANLAICHUANGLIDEYIZHONGGUYEFENLIXINJISHU。WOZHONGGUOJINGCAIWANGJIEHEJUTIQINGKUANGKAIFA、YANZHICHENGGONGXINYIDAIZHONGSHUI、WUSHUICHULIXINJISHU,GAIJISHUTUPOCHUANTONGCHULIFANGFA,SHIGONGJIANDAN,GUANLIFANGBIAN,JIBENKESHIXIANWURENGUANLI;SHENGWUZAITIYUJINSHUISUOCHENGJIAODUXIAO,JIECHUCHONGFEN,RONGJIEXINGCODcrQUCHULVGAODA70-98%,DUIWUSHUIZHONGDEYOU、DANDENGJUNYOUJIAOGAODEQUCHULV;GUAMORONGYI,TUOLUOKUAI;WUXUHUOXINGWUNIPEIJUN,KEZIXINGGUAMO,WEISHENGWUSHENGZHANGKUAI,QIDONGSHIJIANDUAN,KEWEICHIJIAOGAODESHENGHUALIANG;ZHANDIMIANJIXIAO,(WUCHENDIANCHIJIWUNICHULIXITONG)、TOUZISHENG,YUNXINGFEIYONGJIAODI,ZIDONGHUACHENGDUGAO;ZAITISHIYONGSHOUMINGKEDAWUSHINIANZHIJIU;BUCHANSHENGWUNI,JIANHUALECHULILIUCHENG,WUERCIWURAN。YOUYUGAIGONGYIYOUJIAOZHANGDEGUOLIUDUANMIANKEYIDADAZULIUSHUITIZHONGXUANFUWU,WUXUGUOLVCHUSHUIKEZHIJIEDADAOPAIFANGDEBIAOZHUN。

2.3 MEBR (Membrane Enhanced Bio-React) QIANGHUAXINGMOSHENGWUFANYINGQI

JIANGSHENGWUMOFANYINGQIYUMOSHENGWUFANYINGQIXIANGJIEHE,KAICHUANGLEMOFAWUSHUICHULIDEXINJIYUAN。MEBRWUSHUIJINRUSHENGWUMOFANYINGQI,LIYONGSHENGZHANGZAISHENGWUTIANLIAOBIAOMIANDEWEISHENGWUMOJIANGJIEWURANWU,SHIDESHENGWUFANYINGQICHUSHUIZHONGDEWUNIHANLIANGDADAJIANGDI,WUNIDECHENJIANGXINGNENGDADATIGAO,YINERKEYILIYONGJIAOXIAODECHENDIANTIJISHIXIANSHENGWUFANYINGQICHANSHUIWUNIHANLIANGDADAJIANGDI。SHENGWUMOFANYINGQICHUSHUIJINRUZHONGKONGXIANWEIMOFENLIZHUANGZHI,YOUYUMOFENLIZHUANGZHIDEJISHUIZHONGWUNIHANLIANGBEIKONGZHIZAI100ppmYIXIA,MODEGONGZUOHUANJINGCHENGBEIGAISHAN,MODETONGLIANGYEDEYIMINGXIANTIGAO。TONGGUOMOFENLIZHUANGZHIJIELIUSHUIZHONGDEYOULIHUOXINGXIJUN、XIJUNSHITI、QITAXUANFUWUHEBUFENDAFENZIHUAHEWU,SHISHUIZHIJINYIBUTIGAO。BEIMOJIELIUDEYOULIHUOXINGXIJUN、XIJUNSHITI、QITAXUANFUWUHEBUFENDAFENZIYOUJIWUZAIQUANBUHUOBUFENFANHUISHENGWUMOFANYINGQI。BEIMOJIELIUDEYOULIHUOXINGXIJUNHUIZAISHENGWUFANYINGQIZHONGBEIBUDUANFUJI。DANGZHEIXIEHUOXINGXIJUNBEIFUJIDAOJIAOGAONONGDUSHI,TAMENDESHENGWUJIANGJIEZUOYONGJIUHUIMINGXIANDETIXIANCHULAI,YICIKEYIJIAQIANGLESHENGWUFANYINGQIDEXIAOLV。BEIMOJIELIUDEXIJUNSHITIHEDAFENZIYOUJIWUHUIBUDUANXUNHUANHUIDAOGUDINGCHUANGSHENGWUFANYINGQIZHONG,SHIZHIZAISHENGWUFANYINGQIZHONGTINGLIUSHIJIANHENONGDUCHENGBEIDIZENGZHANG。CISHI,GUDINGCHUANGSHENGWUFANYINGQIHUIZHUJIANXUNHUACHUJIANGJIEZHEIXIEWUZHIDEXIJUNJUNLUO,ZHEIXIEXIJUNJUNLUOJIANGZHEIXIETONGCHANGSUICHUSHUIPAIFANGDENANJIANGJIEDEWURANWUJIANGJIE。BEIMOJIELIUDEWUNIZAIFANHUISHENGWUMOFANYINGQI,TONGGUOSHENGWUFANYINGQIJIANGJIEERJIANDIWUNIPAILIANG。YOUCIKEJIANMOFENLIZHUANGZHIJIELIUWUDEFANKUIKEYICONGDUOFANGMIANQIANGHUASHENGWUFANYINGQI,TIGAOSHENGWUFANYINGQIDEXIAOLV。ERSHENGWUFANYINGQIXIAOLVDETIGAOKEYIJINYIBUTIGAOSHENGWUFANYINGQICHUSHUISHUIZHI,JIANXIAOMOFENLIZHUANGZHIDEGONGZUOYALI,JIAQIANGMOFENLIZHUANGZHIDECHULIXIAOGUO。YINCI,GUDINGCHUANGSHENGWUFANYINGQIHEMOFENLIZHUANGZHIDEJIEHEKEYIHUXIANGJIAQIANG,QIDAOJIAOHAODECHULIXIAOGUO。