重庆马兆环保科技有限中国竞猜网报废汽车拆解与废金属回收项目环境影响评价报告书征求意见稿信息公示

重庆马兆环保科技有限中国竞猜网报废汽车拆解与废金属回收项目征求意见稿已完成,根据《环境影响评价公众参与办法》的要求,现将环境影响评价有关信息进行公示。
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ZHONGQINGMAZHAOHUANBAOKEJIYOUXIANZHONGGUOJINGCAIWANG


豆腐加工生产中的废水处理

RICHANGZHONGGUOJINGCAIWANGNENGJIECHUDAODEDOUZHIPIN,SHIYIDADOUWEIYUANLIAOJINGGUOJIAGONGZHIZUOERDEDAODEZHONGGUOJINGCAIWANG。CHUANTONGDOUZHIPINYOUFAJIAOLEIDOUZHIPINHEFEIFAJIAOLEIDOUZHIPIN,FAJIAOLEIDOUZHIPINYOUJIANGYOU、DOUBANJIANG、FURU、CHOUDOUFU、JIANGDOUFUDENG,FEIFAJIAOLEIDOUZHIPINYOUDOUFUPI、DOUFU、DOUZHI、DOUFUGANDENG; LINGWAIHAIYOUXINKAIFADEDOUZHIPIN,RUDOUYOU、DANBAIHEDOULEIYINPIN(DOUFEN、DOUNAIFENDENG)。SHIJIANZHENGMING,DOUZHIPINSHIJIFUYINGYANGJIAZHIDEZHIWUDANBAIZHI,YINCIYUELAIYUESHOUDAORENMENDEHUANYING。

KESHITAZAISHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGCHANSHENGDEFEISHUINONGDUGAO,SHUILIANGXIAO,BIJIAOFENSAN,QIEJIAODUOFENBUZAICHENGXIANGJIEHEBU,BUYINARUCHENGSHIGUANWANG,JIHUANJINGGUANLIZENGJIALEHENDADENANDU。

豆制品废水来源及特点

1 DOUZHIPINSHENGCHANGONGYIJICHANWUHUANJIE

DOUZHIPINSHENGCHANJUYOUZUOFANGSHISHENGCHAN、CHANLIANGDIQIEFENSAN、SHENGCHANGONGYIFANDUO、DUOJIZHONGZAICHENGXIANGJIEHEBUDENGTEDIAN。

FEIFAJIAOLEIDOUZHIPINSHENGCHANGONGYI,YIDOUFUWEILI,LIUCHENGWEI:CHUXUAN→SHUIXI→JINPAO→MOJIANG→ZHUJIANG→DIANLU→YALV→CHENGPIN。QIZHONGYOUSHUIXIDAOYALVJUNCHANSHENGFEISHUI。

FAJIAOLEIDOUZHIPINSHENGCHANGONGYI,YIDOUFURUWEILI,LIUCHENGWEI:CHUXUAN→SHUIXI→JINPAO→MOJIANG→ZHUJIANG→DIANLU→YALV→DOUFU→QIEKUAIFAJIAO→CHENGPIN。QIZHONGYOUSHUIXIDAOYALVJUNCHANSHENGFEISHUI。

2 FEISHUISHUILIANGJISHUIZHI

ZAIDOUFUSHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONG,FEISHUIZHUYAOLAIZISHUIXI、JINPAOHEYALVGONGXU,YIJIBUFENCHONGXISHUI,QIZHONGSHUIZHIJISHUILIANGRUBIAOSUOSHI。

XIANGMU  PH    CODcr                BOD5             SS                 TN               TP

SHUZHI  5~7  2000~20000  500~1200  500~1200  200~400  15~40

ZHU:HUANGGANSHUI CODcr ZAI( 2~3)×104mg/L,JINDOUSHUICODcrZAI4000~8000mg/L,XIDI、CHONGXISHUI CODcr ZAI 500~1500mg/L,HUANGDOUSHUILIANGZAI 3~4L/kg。

豆制品废水的资源化

DOUZHIPINFEIWUDEZIYUANHUAFANGSHIDUOZHONGDUOYANG,YOUYANJIUFAXIAN,ZAIJIANGYOUZHA、DOUFUZHAZHONGHANYOUDUOZHONGDANBAIZHI、DIANFENZHI、ZHIFANGDENG,KEZUOWEISHENGCHUXIAOHUAXISHOUDEWUZHI。DOUZHIPINFEISHUIZHONGHANYOUYANGHUAXINGJIAOMUJUNSHENGCHANSUOXUYAODETAN、DAN、LINJIWEILIANGJINSHUYUANSU。JIAOMUJUNZAIYANGQICHONGZUDEQINGKUANGXIAKEJIANGTANGLEIQUANBUFENJIEWEIERYANGHUATANHESHUI,TONGSHICHANSHENGDALIANGHANDANBAIZHIDEJUNSITI,KEHUISHOUZUOWEISILIAODANBAI。

豆制品废水的处理工艺

DOUZHIPINFEISHUISHIYIZHONGNONGDUHENGAODEYOUJIFEISHUI,QIZHONGHANYOUDANBAIZHI、ZHIFANG、DIANFENDENGYOUJIWU,YOUJIAOHAODESHENGWUJIANGJIEXING,SHIYIYONGSHENGWUCHULIFAJINXINGCHULI。

1 YANYANGFA

GUONEIWAILIYONGYANYANGFANGFACHULIDOUZHIPINFEISHUIDEBIJIAODUO,YOUYONGYANYANGLIUHUACHUANGGONGYICHULIDOUZHIPINFEISHUIDE,YOUYONGYANYANGZHELIUBANFANYINGQICHULIDOUZHIPINFEISHUIDE,CAIYONGDUOJIYANYANGSHENGWULVCHICHULIDOUZHIPINNONGDUGAODEYOUJIFEISHUI,JIJINGJIYOUSHIHUI。SHIJIANZHENGMING,CAIYONGDUOJIYANYANGSHENGWULVCHICHULINONGDUGAODEYOUJIFEISHUIMINGXIANYOUYUDANJIYANYANGSHENGWULVCHIGONGYI,CODcr QUCHULVYOU 78%~80%TIGAODAO 90%YISHANG。CIFANGFAWEIYINGYONGYUGONGCHENGSHIJIANDEDUOJIYANYANGSHENGWULVCHI———HAOYANGGONGYI。

2 HAOYANGFA

ZHENDUIDOUZHIPINFEISHUIDETEDIAN,KECAIYONG AB HUOXINGWUNIFAJINXINGCHULI。GONGYISHIYANDEDAO AB HUOXINGWUNIFACHULIDOUZHIPINFEISHUIDEYUNXINGCANSHU,SHIYANZAIYOUHUACANSHUXIAYUNXING,QUDEMINGXIANCHULIXIAOGUO,CODcrCHUSHUIZONGQUCHULVWEI97% ,QIZHONGADUANQUCHULVWEI 89% ,BDUANQUCHULVWEI 83%。

3 YANYANG—HAOYANGFA

YANYANG—HAOYANGCHULIGONGYINENGFAHUICHUYANYANGWEISHENGWUCHENGDANGAONONGDU、GAOFUHEYUHUISHOUYOUXIAONENGYUANDEYOUSHI,TONGSHIYOUNENGLIYONGHAOYANGWEISHENGWUSHENGCHANSUDUKUAI,CHULISHUIZHIHAODETEDIAN。

废气处理方法介绍、适用范围和优缺点说明 

废气处理方法介绍、适用范围和优缺点说明 

脱臭方法 脱臭原理 适用范围 优点 缺点
1.掩蔽法 采用更强烈的芳香气味与臭

气掺和,以掩蔽臭气,使之能被人接收

适用于需立即地、暂时地消除低浓度恶臭气体影响的场合,恶臭强度2.5左右,无组织排放源

 

可尽快消除恶臭影响,灵活性大,费用低 恶臭成分并没有被去除
2. 稀释扩散法

 

将有臭味地气体通过烟囱排至大气,或用无臭空气稀释,降低恶臭物质浓度以减少臭味 适用于处理中、低浓度的有组织排放的恶臭气体

 

费用低、设备简单 易受气象条件限制,恶臭物质依然存在
3.热力燃烧法 在高温下恶臭物质与燃料气

充分混和,实现完全燃烧

适用于处理高浓度、小

气量的可燃性气体

净化效率高,恶臭物质被彻底氧化分解 设备易腐蚀,消耗燃料,处理成本高,易形成二次污染
4.催化燃烧法
5.水吸收法 利用臭气中某些物质易溶于水的特性,使臭气成分直接与水接触,从而溶解于水达到脱臭目的 水溶性、有组织排放源的恶臭气体 工艺简单,管理方便,设备运转费用低 产生二次污染,需要洗涤液进行处理;浄化效率低,应与其他技术联合使用,对硫醇,脂肪酸等处理效果差
6.药液吸收法 利用臭气中某些物质和药液产生化学反应的特性,去除某些臭气成分 适用于处理大气量、高中浓度的臭气 能够有针对性处理某些臭气成分,工艺较成熟 净化效益不高,消耗吸附剂,易形成二次污染
7.吸附法 利用吸附剂付吸附功能使恶臭物质由气相转移至固相 适用于处理低浓度,高净化要求的恶臭气体 净化效率很高,可以处理多组分恶臭气体 吸附剂费用昂贵,再生较困难,要求待处理的恶臭气体有较低的温度和含尘量
8. 生物滤池式脱臭法 恶臭气体经过去尘增湿或降

WENDENGZIYUCHULIGONGYIHOU,CONGLVCHUANGDI

BUYOUXIAXIANGSHANGCHUANGUOYOULVLIAOZUCHENG

DELVCHUANG,ECHOUQITIYOUQIXIANGZHUANYI

ZHISHUIYIWEISHENGWUHUNHEXIANG,TONGGUOGU

ZHEYULVLIAOSHANGDEWEISHENGWUDAIXIEZUO

用而被分解掉

目前研究最多,工艺最成熟,在实际中也最常用的生物脱臭方法。又可细分为土壤脱臭法、堆肥脱臭法。泥炭脱臭法等。 处理费用低 占地面积大,填料需定期更换,脱臭过程不易控制,运行一段时间容易出现问题,对疏水性和难生物降解物质的处理还存在较大难度
9.生物滴滤池式 原理同生物滤池式类似,不过使用的滤料是诸如聚丙烯小球、陶瓷、木炭、塑料等不能提供营养物的惰性材料 只有针对某些恶臭而降解的微生物附着在填料上,而不会出现生物滤池中混合微生物群同时消耗滤料有机质的情况 池内微生物数量大,能承受比生物滤池大的污染负荷,惰性滤料可以不用更换,造成压力损失小,而且操作条件极易控制 需不断投加营养物质,而且操作复杂,使得其应用受到限制
10.洗涤式活性污泥脱臭法 将恶臭物质和含悬浮物泥浆的混合液充分接触,使之在吸收器中从臭气中去除掉,洗涤液再送到反应器中,通过悬浮生长的微生物代谢活动降解溶解的恶臭物质 有较大的适用范围 可以处理大气量的臭气,同时操作条件易于控制,占地面积小 设备费用大,操作复杂而且需要投加营养物质
11.曝气式活性污泥脱臭法 将恶臭物质以曝气形成式分散到含活性污泥的混合液中,通过悬浮生长的微生物降解恶臭物质 适用范围广,目前日本以用于粪便处理场、污水处理厂的臭气处理 活性污泥经过驯化后,对不超过极限负荷量的恶臭成分,去除率可达99.5%以上 受到曝气强度的限制,该法的应用还有一定局限
12.三相多介质催化氧化工艺 反映塔内装填特制的固态复合填料,填料内部复配多介质催化剂。当恶臭气体在引风机的作用下穿过填料层,与通过特制喷嘴呈发散雾状喷出的液相复配氧化剂在固相填料表面充分接触,并在多介质催化作用下,恶臭气体中的污染因子被充分分解。 适用范围广,尤其适用于处理大气量,中高浓度的废气,对疏水性污染物质有很好的去除率。 占地小,投资低,运行成本低;管理方便,即开即用;耐冲击负荷,不易污染物浓度及温度变化影响。 需消耗一定量的药
13.低温等离子体技术 介质阻挡放电过程中,等离子体内部产生富含极高化学活性的粒子,如电子、离子、自由基和激发态分子等。废气中的污染物质与这些具有较高能量的活性基团发生反应,最终转化为c02和H20等物质,从而达到净化废气的目的 适用范围广,净化效率高,尤其适用于其它方法难以处理的多组分恶臭气体,如化工、医药等行业 电子能量高,几乎可以和所有是恶臭气体分子作用;运行费用低;反应快,设备启动、停止十分迅速,随用随开 一次性投资较高

 

CHANGYONGFEIQICHULIGONGYIJISHUDUIBI

 

  活性炭吸附法 等离子法 光触媒裂解 生物分解法
原理 利用活性炭内部孔隙结 构发达,有巨大比表面 积原理,来吸附通过活 性炭池的恶臭气体分子 利用高压电极发射离子 及电子,破坏恶臭分子 结构的原理,轰击废气 中废气分子,从而裂解 分子,达到净化的目的。 采用高能特效光波管,在光波净化如水和几氧化碳等:对于含 苯类和醛类废气,附加Ti02催化 氧化模块,几次净化彻底净化废气 成分。设备内,裂解及氧化恶臭物质分子 链,改变物质结构,将高分子污染 物质,裂解、氧化成为低分子无害 物质, 利用循环水流,将恶臭气 体中污染物质溶入水中, 再由水中培养床培养出微 生物,将水中的污染物质

降解为低害物质

效率 初期效率可达65%,但易饱和,通常数日即失效,需要经常更换 合低浓度大风量的喷

QIFEIQI

JINGHUA,ZHENGCHANGYUNXINGQINGKUANGXIA CHUCHOUXIAOLVKEDA60-90%ZUO

右,裂解气体效果比光触媒好(根电场层级有关)。

适合低浓度大风量的喷漆废气,脱

CHOUJINGHUAXIAOGUOKEDA90%YISHANG,LIEJIEQITIXIAOGUOBURUDIWENDENGLIZI,TUOCHOU

XIAOGUODADACHAOGUOGUOJIA1993NIANBANBUDE

恶臭物质排放标准:(GB 14554-93

微生物活性好时除臭效率可达70%,微生物活性效率降低,除臭效率亦大大降低,脱臭净化效果极不稳定。
处理气体成分 适用于低浓度、大风量废气气、对醇类、脂肪类效果较明显。但处理湿度大的废气效果不好 能处理多种臭气充分组成的混合气体,不适合处理高浓度气体 能处理氨、硫化氯、甲硫醇、甲硫醚、苯、苯乙烯、二硫化碳、二甲胺、二甲基、二硫醚等混合气体。 需要培养专门微生物处理一种或几种性质相近的气体。
使用寿命 活性炭需经常进行更换 在废气浓度及湿度较低的情况下,可长期正常工作 高能光波管管寿命较短,5000-8000小时。设备寿命十年以上 养户困难,需平凡添加药剂、控制PH值、温度等
运行维护费用 所使用的活性炭必须经常更换,并需寻找废弃活性炭的处理办法,运行维护成本很高 一次性投入较高,运行维护成本很低,净化技术可靠并且非常稳定 净化设备无需日常维护,只需接通电源,即可正常工作,运行维护费比等离子高。 运行维护费用较高,需经常投放药剂,以保持微生物活性,而且对循环水要求也较高,否则,如微生物死亡将需较长时间重新培养。
二次污染 易造成二次污染 无二次污染 无二次污染 易产生污泥、污水

 

 

 

JINGHUAGONGYIFEIYONGJISHIYONGYOULIEXINGDUIBI

 

       工艺特点净化工艺 安全性 净化效率 总投资(一次性投资) 维护费用 能耗 有无二次污染
低温等离子法 安全 较高
光氧催化法 安全 较高 较高 较高 比等离子高
吸收法 安全 较高
生物菌分解 安全
燃烧法 不安全 非常高

 

屠宰废水处理工艺简介

1 GONGCHENGGAIKUANG

TUZAIFEISHUIDUOCHENGHONGHESE,YOUXINGWEI,HANYOUDALIANGXUEWU、PIMAO、SUIGUROU、YOUZHIHENEIZANGZAWU,COD、BOD5、ANDAN、SS DENGZHIBIAOJUNJIAOGAO,KESHENGHUAXINGJIAOHAO,WUDUXING,YIYUJINXINGSHENGWUCHULI。YOUYUSHOUSHENGCHANGUOCHENGDEYINGXIANGMINGXIAN,QISHUILIANGSHUIZHIBODONGJIAODA,DUIHOUXUSHENGHUACHULIDAILAIYIDINGDEYINGXIANG。ZAITUZAIFEISHUICHULILINGYUYIDEDAOGONGCHENGYINGYONGDEYOUSUANHUA-SBR GONGYI、SUANHUA- AB FA、SUANHUA-SHENGWUJIECHUYANGHUAGONGYI、UASB-AF GONGYI、YANYANG-GUOLVGONGYIDENG。

  1. 1 工艺流程

YOUYUTUZAIFEISHUIJUYOUYOUJIWUNONGDUGAO、KESHENGHUAXINGHAO、CHENGRUOSUANXING、JINSHUIXUANFUWUNONGDUGAOYIJISHUIZHI、SHUILIANGBIANHUADADENGTEDIAN,YINCIZAIDUIFEISHUIJINXINGYUCHULIHOUCAIYONGYANYANG+ HAOYANGDESHENGHUACHULIGONGYISHIZUIJINGJIHEYOUXIAODEFANGFA。ABRYANYANGZHELIUBANFANYINGQIJUYOUCHULIXIAOGUOHAO、YUNXINGWENDING、ZHANDIMIANJIXIAO、SHENGYUWUNICHANLIANGSHAODENGTEDIAN; MSBR GONGYITOUZISHAO、YUNXINGFEIYONGDI、YUNXINGFANGSHILINGHUO、CHULIXIAOLVGAOQIEJUYOULIANGHAODETUODANCHULINXIAOGUO。GONGYILIUCHENGJIANTU1。

  1. 2 构筑物及设备

①GEYOUCHENDIANCHI

GEZHACAIYONGCU、XILIANGDAO,LVWANGWEIBUXIUGANGCAIZHI。FEISHUIJINGGEZHACHULIHOUJINRUPINGLIUSHIGEYOUCHENDIANCHI,KEYOUXIAOQUCHUFEISHUIZHONGNANYIBEIGEZHALANJIEDEXIAOKELIGUXINGWUZHIHEYOULITAIYOU,CHIDISHEYOUNIDOU。FUYOUKEYOURENGONGDINGQIHUISHOU。

②DIAOJIECHI

DIAOJIECHIYUGEYOUCHENDIANCHIGONGYONGCHIBI,GANGHUNJIEGOU,YOUXIAOSHUISHENWEI3.5 m,YOUXIAORONGJIWEI61 m³,SHEJITINGLIUSHIJIANWEI6.7 h。DIAOJIECHINEIBUSHECHUANKONGPUQIGUAN,PUQIQIANGDUWEI1m³ /(m²·h) 。FEISHUIDEpH ZHIJINGDIAOJIEHOUKEYOU4.5 ~6.5TISHENGZHI7.5 ~ 8.5。DIAOJIECHICHUSHUISHEQIANWUBENGLIANGTAI,YIYONGYIBEI,Q = 10 m³/h,H = 100 kPa。

③ ABR YANYANGCHI

CAIYONGGANGHUNJIEGOU,YOUXIAOSHUISHENWEI5.0m,YOUXIAORONGJIWEI220 m³,SHEJITINGLIUSHIJIANWEI24 h,RONGJIFUHEWEI2.1 kg-COD/(m³·d) 。CHINEIBUZHIYOU180 m3DEDANXINGTIANLIAO。ABR MODUANWEIZHONGJIANCHI,CHINEICAIYONGCHUANKONGGUANGUFENGPUQI,PUQIQIANGDUWEI9 m³/(m²·h) 。

④ MSBR CHI

MSBR CHIYUABR YANYANGCHIGONGYONGCHIBI,GANGHUNJIEGOU,YOUXIAOSHUISHENWEI4.9 m,YOUXIAORONGJIWEI240 m³,SHEJITINGLIUSHIJIANWEI26 h。MSBR CHIWEIJUXING,FEN4 GE: ZHUPUQIGE、LIANGGEJIAOTIXUPICHULIGEHEYIGEJINSHUIJIANYANGGE。ZHUPUQIGEZAIZHENGGEYUNXINGZHOUQIZHONGBAOCHILIANXUPUQI,ERLIANGGEXUPICHULIGEYI6 hWEIYIGEZHOUQIFENBIEJIAOTIZUOWEIPAISHUICHIHECHENGQINGCHI。PUQICAIYONGYITAILUOCIGUFENGJI,QISHUIBIWEI25∶1。MSBRCHIPAISHUIYOULIANGGEDIANDONGDIEFAKONGZHI,XUPICHULIGECHENDIANDEWUNIANZHOUQIYOUCHINEIDEWUNIBENGCHOUZHIMSBR CHIJINSHUIJIANYANGGEYUJINSHUIHUNHE。TONGSHIWUNIBENGCHOUNIGUANYEKEYOUFAMENKONGZHI,DINGQIJIANGSHENGYUWUNISHUSONGZHIWUNINONGSUOCHI。

⑤QINGSHUICHI

CAIYONGGANGHUNJIEGOU,YOUXIAOSHUISHENWEI2.6 m,YOUXIAORONGJIWEI30 m³。

⑥PUQIXITONG

CAIYONG3 TAILUOCIGUFENGJIGONGYANG,2 YONG1 BEI。MSBR CHICAIYONGGANGYUWEIKONGPUQIQI,DIAOJIECHIHEZHONGJIANCHICAIYONGCHUANKONGGUANPUQI。

⑦WUNICHULICHEJIAN

WUNIJINGNONGSUOHOUYOUWUNITUOSHUIJITUOSHUI,CAIYONGYITAI18m²DEXIANGSHIYALVJI,NIBINGJUNSONGZHICHANGWAIZUONONGFEI。

2 YUNXINGXIAOGUO

ZHENGTAOFEISHUICHULIXITONGYU2016 NIAN8YUETONGGUOHUANBAOBUMENYANSHOU,GEXIANGZHIBIAODADAOBINGYOUYU《WUSHUIZONGHEPAIFANGBIAOZHUN》(GB 8978-1996) DEYIJIBIAOZHUN。MUQIANGAIFEISHUICHULIZHANYIZHIWENDINGYUNXING,GEGONGDUANCHULIXIAOGUOJIANBIAO2。

3 JIELUN

ABR YINQIJUBEIJIEGOUJIANDAN、YUNXINGWEIHUJIANBIAN、GAOXIAODENGTEDIANCHENGWEITUZAIFEISHUIYANYANGCHULIDANYUANDEZUIZHONGXUANZE,ERHAOYANGDANYUANZAIZONGHEKAOLVGEZHONGBIANXINGSBR DEYOUQUEDIANHOU,XUANZELEMSBR GONGYI。ZHEIZHONGGONGYIZUHEXINGSHIJINENGGAOXIAODISHIYOUJIWUNONGDUDABIAO,HAIYOUJIAOHAODETUODANCHULINXIAOGUO,QIEBIJIAOJINGJI,SHIMUQIANGUONEICHULITUZAIFEISHUIJIAOWEILIXIANGDEZUHEGONGYIXINGSHI。

 

污水处理技术方法汇总

WUSHUICHULIFANGFA:

1:WULIFANGFA

BUZHOU1:

WULICHENDIANFA,YIBANSHISHIYONGCHENDIANJIXIFUWUSHUIZHONGDEWURANWUZHIDEFANGFA,ZHEILIJIAOWEIZHONGYAODECHENDIANJI,CHULIBUTONGDEWURANWUZHI,XUYAOXUANZEYUZHIXIANGDUIYINGDECHENDIANJI,BINGQIEBENFANGFAYIBANBUHUICHANSHENGERCIWURAN。

BUZHOU2:

XIFUFA,JIUSHISHIYONGXIFUJIJIANGWUSHUIZHONGDEWURANCHENGFENJINXINGXIFU,DADAOCHULIWUSHUIDEFANGFA,BIRUYIZHONGZUICHANGJIANDEXIFUJI:HUOXINGTAN,DANSHIXIFUJIYIBANSHIYICIXINGXIAOHAOPIN,CHENGBENKENENGJIAOGAO。

BUZHOU3:

CUIQUFA,GAIFANGFAYIBANLIYONGYIDINGDECUIQUJI,JIANGSHUIZHONGDEWURANWUCUIQUCHULAI。

BUZHOU4:

MOGUOLVFA,YIBANSHILIYONGYIZHONGTEDINGDEBANTOUMO,JINNENGSHUIHUOZHEJINNENGWURANWUTONGGUOGAIMO,CONGERDADAOFENLIWURANWUDEFANGFA。

2:HUAXUEFA

BUZHOU1:

ZHONGHEFA,ZHEIGESHILIYONGHUAXUEZHONGDESUANJIANZHONGHEFANYING,WURANWUYIBANSHISUANHUOZHEJIAN,BIANYONGYUZHIXIANGFANDEHUAXUEWUZHIJINXINGZHONGHE,SHENGCHENGWUWURANDEHUAXUEYAN。

BUZHOU2:

HUAXUECHENDIANFA,LIYONGYUWURANWUNENGGOUFASHENGHUAXUEFANYING,ZUIZHONGSHENGCHENGDEWUZHIBUNENGRONGYUSHUI,RANHOUZAILIYONGWULICHENDIANHUOZHEGUOLVDENGFANGFADADAOFENLIDEXIAOGUO。

BUZHOU3:

DIANJIEFA,GAIFANGFAYIBANSHIYONGLAICHULIJINSHUYAN,TONGGUODIANJIESHIJINSHULIZIXICHU,DADAOWUSHUICHULIDEFANGFA。

3:SHENGWUFA

BUZHOU1:

YIBANSHISHIYONGWEISHENGWUDEFENJIEZUOYONGJIANGYOUJIWUZHUANHUAWEIWUJIWU,ZUIZHONGDADAOWURANCHULIDEFANGFA,GAIFANGFAYIBANXUYAOSHIYONGDAOXIJUN,XIJUNFENWEIXIYANGJUNHEYANYANGJUN,SUOYIXUYAOGENJUSUOSHIYONGWEISHENGWUDETEXINGWEIQICHUANGZAOHESHIDESHENGCUNHUANJING。

ZHUYISHIXIANG

JINXINGWUSHUICHULI,YIBANSHIJIZHONGFANGFALIANHEJINXINGSHIYONG,YIDADAOKUAISUYOUXIAODECHULIXIAOGUO。

发酵废气治理技术-膜分离技术

FAJIAOFEIQIZHILIJISHU-MOFENLIJISHUSHIYIZHONGXINXINGGAOXIAOFENLIJISHU,ZHUANGZHIDEZHONGXINBUFENWEIMOYUANJIAN,CHANGYONGDEMOYUANJIANWEIPINGBANMO、ZHONGKONGXIANWEIMOHEJUANSHIMO,YOUKEFENWEIQITIFENLIMOHEYETIFENLIMODENG。QITIMOFENLIJISHULIYONGYOUJIZHENGQIYUKONGQITOUGUOMODENENGLIBUTONG,SHIERZHEFENKAI。GAIFAYICHENGGONGDIYINGYONGYUXUDUOLINGYU,YONGQITAFANGFANANYIHUISHOUDEYOUJIWU,YONGGAIFAKEYOUXIAODIJIEJUE。YONGGAIFAHUISHOUYOUJIFEIQIZHONGDEBINGTONG、SIQINGFUNAN、JIACHUN、YIJING、JIABENDENG(NONGDUWEI50%YIXIA),HUISHOULVKEDA97%YISHANG。

膜分离法最适合于处理VOCs浓度较高的废气,对大多数间歇过程,因温度、压力、流量和VOCs浓度会在一定范围内变化,膜系统的设备有较强的适应性,。近几年来,国外的实验室研究分离VOCs使用得最多的膜分离材料是聚二甲基硅氧烷PDMS。它从结构上看属半无机、半有机结构的高分子,具有许多独特性能,是目前发现的气体渗透性能好的高分子膜材料之一。研究人员大多是采用聚枫PS、聚偏氟乙烯(PVDF)、聚间苯二甲酸乙二酯PEI等材料作为支撑层,使用PDMS涂层堵孔,作为选择性分离层,选择性分离VOCs/N2或空气体系,都取得了理想的实验结果。

1、 膜分离工艺

SHIYANZHUANGZHIBAOKUOYUANLIAOQIFASHENGZHUANGZHIYIJIMOFENLIZHUANGZHILIANGGEBUFEN。KONGQIYOUKONGQIBENGGURUYUANLIAOYEGUANXINGCHENGVOCsBAOHEZHENGQIJINRUHUNHEQIZHONG,YOULINGYIGUKONGQIXISHIZHISUOXUNONGDUJINRUMOFENLIZHUANGZHI,JINGGUOMODEFENLIGUOCHENG,DABUFENDEVOCsZAIZHENKONGBENGTIGONGDEYALICHAXIATOUGUOMOXINGCHENGNONGDESHENTOUQIJINRULENGNINGZHUANGZHILENGNING,HANSHAOLIANGVOCsDEKONGQICHENGWEIWEIQIPAICHU。JINRUMOFENLIZHUANGZHIDEYUANLIAOQIYIJIWEIQINONGDUYOUQIXIANGSEPUFENXIDEDAO,YUANLIAOQI、WEIQIJISHENTOUQIDEYALIYOUYALIBIAOSHISHUDUCHU。

膜过滤分离装置示意图

2、分离膜材料

FENLIMODECAILIAOBAOKUOYOUJIGAOFENZICAILIAOHEWUJICAILIAO。WUJICAILIAORUJINSHU、JINSHUYANGHUAWU、TAOCIHEFENZISHAIDENGZHICHENGDEMOWEIWUJIMO。SUIRANWUJIMOJUYOUNAIGAOWEN、JIEGOUWENDING、KONGJINGJUNYI、HUAXUEWENDINGXINGHAO、KANGWEISHENGWUFUSHINENGLIQIANGDENGYOUDIAN,DANYOUYUZHIZAOCHENGBENXIANGDUIJIAOGAO,QIEZHIZAODAMIANJIWENDINGDE、JUYOULIANGHAOXINGNENGDEMOBIJIAOKUNNAN:YINCI,WUJIMOZAIQITIFENLIGUOCHENGZHONGDEYINGYONGCHULEYANGHUALVMOFENLIYOUTONGWEISUYIJINGGONGYEHUAWAI,QITAJUNHAICHUYUSHIYANSHISHUIPING,DABUFENHAIJUXIANZAIMODEZHIBEI、FENLIXINGNENGBIAOZHENGHECHUANZHIJILIFANGMIAN。

YOUJIGAOFENZICAILIAOSHIGEZHONGHECHENGMODEZHUYAOMOCAILIAO。ZAIQITIFENLIMOLINGYU,YIJINGYINGYONGDEGAOFENZIMOCAILIAOYOUJUXIANYAAN(PI),YISUANXIANWEISU(CA),JUERJIAJIGUIYANGWAN(PDMS),JUFENG(PS),JUTANSUANZHI(PC)ZHEIXIECAILIAOHUOJUYOUGAOSHENTOUXING、DIXUANZEXINGHUOJUYOUDISHENTOUXING、GAOXUANZEXING,SHIDEZHEIXIECAILIAOKAIFADEQITIFENLIMOZAISHIYOULIANZHIDENGMOUXIETESHULINGYUYINGYONGSHOUDAOXIANZHI。

YOUJIGUISHIJUYOULIANGHAOQIANJINGDEGAOFENZIMOCAILIAO,YIKAIFACHUXUDUOSHIYONGHUAHUOYOUXIUDEFENLIMO。YOUQISHIZAIQITIFENLIFANGMIAN,YOUJIGUIMOCAILIAODEYANJIUHEKAIFAYIZHISHIGEREDIAN。YOUJIGUIDESi-OJIANNENGBIC-CJIANGAO,Si-CJIANYUC-CJIANDEJIANNENGCHABUDUO(Si-O=106kcal/mol,Si-C=78kcal/mol,C-C=83kcal/mol,1kcal/mol=4.18J),QIEJUYOUFULIZIXING(DIANFUXINGSi=1.8,C=2.5,O=3.5)。ZHEIXIEFUYULEYOUJIGUICAILIAONAIRE、BUYIRAN、NAIDIANHUDEXINGNENG。

YOUJIGUIJUHEWUSHUSHUI、NAIRE、JUYOULIANGHAODEJIXIEQIANGDUHEHUAXUEWENDINGXING,DUICHUN、ZHI、FEN、TONG、LUDAIWU、FANGXIANGTING、BIDINGDENGYOUJIWUYOULIANGHAODEXIFUXUANZEXING,SHIZHIJINYANJIUZUIDUODEGAOFENZIMOCAILIAOZHIYI,BAOKUOJUERJIAJIGUIYANGWAN(PDMS),JUSANJIAJIGUIBINGGUI(PTMSP),JUYIXIJISANJIAJIGUIWAN(PVTMS),JUYIXIJIERJIAJIGUIWAN((PVDMS)DENG。YOUJIGUIJUHEWUMOSHUYUXIANGJIAOTAIHUOBOLITAIHECHENGGAOFENZIMO,QICAILIAOSHILIANZHUANGJIEGOUDEZALIANHUAHEWU,ZHULIANWEIO-Si-O,CEJIWEIYOUJIJITUAN,FEIJIXING。YOUYUQIJUHEJIEGOUZHONGDESi-JIANDEGAOJIANNENGHEFULIZIXINGTEDIANSHIQIJIANJUYOUYOUJIGAOFENZIHEWUJIGAOFENZICAILIAODESHUANGZHONGTEXING。GUIXIANGJIAOCAILIAONAIRE,BUYIRAN,NAIDIANHU,JUGUIYANGWANLIANZHUANGFENZIDELIAOYEJIEGOUCHENGLUOXUANZHUANG,JIASHANGGUIYUANZITIJIJIAODA,SHILIANZHONGZIYOUKONGJIANTIJIJIAODA,JUHEFENZIJIANDEZUOYONGLIHENXIAO,NEIJUNENGMIDUXIAO,JIEGOUSHUSONG,YOULIYUQITAWUZHIFENZIZAIQIZHONGRONGJIEHEKUOSAN。

常用废气治理工艺原理介绍

一、活性炭吸附工艺

1.1活性炭吸附工艺介绍

(1)HUOXINGTANXIFUTASHICHULIYOUJIFEIQI、CHOUWEICHULIXIAOGUOZUIHAODEJINGHUASHEBEI。HUOXINGTANXIFUSHIYOUXIAODEQUCHUSHUIDECHOUWEI、TIANRANHEHECHENGRONGJIEYOUJIWU、WEIWURANWUZHIDENGDECUOSHI。GAISHEBEISHIJINGHUAJIAOGAONONGDUYOUJIFEIQIHEPENQIFEIQIDEXIFUSHEBEI,SHILIYONGHUOXINGTANBENSHENGAOQIANGDUDEXIFULI,JIEHEFENGJIZUOYONGJIANGYOUJIFEIQIFENZIXIFUZHU,DUIYOUJIRONGJIDEFEIQIYOUHENHAODEXIFUZUOYONG。ZAISHIJIANZHUANGHEYINGYONGQINGKUANG,ZONGJIEGUONEIWAITONGLEIZHONGGUOJINGCAIWANGDESHENGCHANJINGYAN,GAIJINSHEJIZHIZAO,TUICHUXIALIAOXINGSHIFANGBIAN,BIAOMIANPINGZHENGDUGENGHAO,JIEGOUQIANGDUGENGGAO,XIFUNENGLIGENGQIANGDEHUOXINGTANXIFUTA。WOZHONGGUOJINGCAIWANGSHENGCHANDEHUOXINGTANXIFUZHUANGZHIYINGYONGHUOXINGTANXIFUYUANLI,HEXIFUTONGLEIZHONGGUOJINGCAIWANGTEDIANGAIJINSHEJI。BENZHUANGZHICHULIFENGLIANGJIAODA、CAIYONGQIDONGFAMEN,CAOZUOGUANLIJIANDANANQUAN。

XIFUGUOCHENG:YOUYUGUTIBIAOMIANSHANGCUNZAIZHEWEIPINGHENGHEWEIBAOHEDEFENZIYINLIHUOHUAXUEJIANLI,YINCIDANGCIGUTIBIAOMIANYUQITIJIECHUSHI,JIUNENGXIYINQITIFENZI,SHIQINONGJUBINGBAOCHIZAIGUTIBIAOMIAN,CIXIANXIANGCHENGWEIXIFU。LIYONGGUTIBIAOMIANDEXIFUNENGLI,SHIFEIQIYUDABIAOMIANDEDUOKONGXINGGUTIWUZHIXIANGJIECHU,FEIQIZHONGDEWURANWUBEIXIFUZAIGUTIBIAOMIANSHANG,SHIQIYUQITIHUNHEWUFENLI,DADAOJINGHUAMUDE。

(2)SHIYONGFANWEI:

1、DIANZIYUANJIANSHENGCHAN、DIANCHI(DIANPING)SHENGCHAN、SUANXIZUOYECHEJIAN、SHIYANSHIPAIFENG、YEJIN、HUAGONGCHANG、YIYAOSHENGCHANCHANG、TUZHUANGCHEJIAN、 SHIPINJINIANGZAO、JIAJUSHENGCHANDENG。

2、YONGYUDAFENGLIANG、DINONGDUDEFEIQIGONGKUANGHUOJIANXIEZUOYEZHONGZHUNBEIHUISHOULIYONGDEYOUJIRONGJIGONGCHANGCHEJIAN。

(3)ZHUANGZHIJIEGOUHETEDIAN:BENZHUANGZHIZHUYAOBAOKUO:XIFUGUAN、LENGNINGQI、FENLIQI、PUQIQI、ZHUPAIFENGJIDENGSHEBEI,PEIYOUJINCHUKOUFA,TANCENGCHAOWENBAOJINGZIDONGJIANGWENZHUANGZHIJIDIANKONGJUDENG。

BENJINGHUAZHUANGZHIKEGENJUSHENGCHANGONGYISHEDINGDANGUANHESHUANGGUAN,JIANXIXINGSHENGCHANYIBANSHELIDANGUAN;LIANXUXINGSHENGCHANSHELILIANGGEXIFUGUAN,YIZHIXIFU,YIZHITUOFU,YEKELIANGGUANTONGSHISHIYONG。ZHUANGZHIDEJINCHUFENGKOUSHEZHISHOUDONGFAMEN,CAOZUOJIANBIANKEKAO。BENZHUANGZHICAIYONGDIYAZHENGQIWEIJIEXIJIEZHI,GAOFEIDIANDERONGJIJIEXISHIKEPEIBEIZHENGQIGUOLVQI,TIGAOZHENGQIWENDU。LIANGGUANYEKETONGSHIXIFU,DINGQITONGSHIJIEXI,CHULIFENGLIANGKEZENGJIAJINYIBEI,DUIYUJIANXIEXINGSHENGCHANKEJIANSHAOTOUZIHEZHANDIMIANJI。

1.2活性炭吸附工艺工程实例

二、化学喷淋吸收工艺

2.1化学喷淋吸收工艺介绍

(1)FEIQIYUXISHOUYE(RUCHAIYOU、MEIYOU、SHUI、SUANJIANYE、ZHIWUYEDENGJIEZHI)CAIYONGCUOLIUSHIJIECHUFANGSHI,RANGFEIQIYUXISHOUJICHONGFENJIECHU,GENJUXIANGSIXIANGRONGYUANLI,RANGFEIQIZHONGWURANWUZHIRONGJIEZAIXISHOUYEZHONGHUOYUXISHOUYEFASHENGHUAXUEFANYING(SUANJIANZHONGHEFANYING),DADAOQUCHUFEIQIZHONGWURANWUZHIDEMUDE。

(2)JIEGOUXINGSHI:BENSHEBEIFENDANTATIHESHUANGTATI。SHEBEIJUTIYOUZHUYEXIANG、TATI、JINFENGDUAN、PENLINCENG、TIANLIAOCENG、XUANLIUCHUWUCENG、CHUFENGZHUIMAO、JIANXIUKONGDENGZUCHENG。

设备特点:

1、JIEGOUXINYING:GAIBIANCHANGGUIDEQIYELIANGXIANGCUOLIUGUPAODEJIECHUFANGSHI;

2、CHULIFENGLIANGDA:BISHAIKONGTAPAN、FASHITAPANCHULILIANGDA50%;

3、YALIJIANGXIAO:BICHANGGUIXISHOUTAXIAO16%;

4、JINGHUAXIAOLVGAO:CHANGGUIXISHOUTAXIAOLVZAI70%ZUOYOU,ERXINXINGCHUIZHISHAIKONGTAXISHOUXIAOLVDAYU85%YISHANG;

5、LINGHUOXINGDA:KEGENJUBUTONGDEFEIQIYUANZENGJIAHUOJIANSHAOPENLINTACENG

(3)SHIYONGYUCHOUQICHULI、YOUJIFEIQICHULI、SUANXINGJIANXINGQITI、FENSHAOWEIQIDENG。

2.2化学喷淋吸收工艺流程图

2.3化学喷淋吸收工艺工程实例

三、低温等离子技术工艺

3.1低温等离子技术工艺介绍

(1)WURANWUZAIWAIJIADIANCHANGDEZUOYONGXIA,JIEZHIDENGLIZITIFANGDIANCHANSHENGDEDALIANGXIENENGDIANZIHONGJIWURANWUFENZI,SHIQIDIANLI、JIELIHEJIFA,RANHOUBIANYINFALEYIXILIEFUZADEWULI、HUAXUEFANYING,SHIFUZADAFENZIWURANWUZHUANBIANWEIJIANDANXIAOFENZIANQUANWUZHI,HUOSHIYOUDUYOUHAIWUZHIZHUANBIANCHENGWUDUWUHAIHUODIDUDIHAIDEWUZHI,CONGERSHIWURANWUDEYIJIANGJIEQUCHU。

DIWENDENGLIZIFANYINGGUOCHENG:

电场+电子→高能电子
高能电子+分子(或原子)→(受激原子、受激基团、游离基团) 活性基团
活性基团+分子(原子)→生成物+热
活性基团+活性基团→生成物+热

(2)中国竞猜网性能综述:

YI、GAOXIAOCHUECHOU:NENGGAOXIAOQUCHUHUIFAXINGYOUJIWU(VOC)、WUJIWU、LIUHUAQING、ANQI、LIUCHUNLEIDENGZHUYAOWURANWU,YIJIGEZHONGECHOUWEI,TUOCHOUXIAOLVKEDA99.9%YISHANG,TUOCHOUXIAOGUODADACHAOGUOGUOJIABANBUDEECHOUWURANWUPAIFANGBIAOZHUN。

ER、WUXUTIANJIARENHEWUZHI:ZHIXUYAOSHEZHIXIANGYINGDEPAIFENGGUANDAOHEPAIFENGDONGLI,SHIECHOUQITITONGGUOBENSHEBEIJINXINGTUOCHOUFENJIEJINGHUA,WUXUTIANJIARENHEWUZHICANYUHUAXUEFANYING。

SAN、SHIYINGXINGQIANG:KESHIYINGGAONONGDU,DAQILIANG,BUTONGECHOUQITIWUZHIDETUOCHOUJINGHUACHULI,KEMEITIAN24XIAOSHILIANXUGONGZUO,YUNXINGWENDINGKEKAO。

SI、YUNXINGCHENGBENDI:BENSHEBEIWURENHEJIXIEDONGZUO,WUZAOYIN,WUXUZHUANRENGUANLIHERICHANGWEIHU,ZHIXUZUODINGQIJIANCHA,BENSHEBEINENGHAODI,(MEICHULI1000LIFANGMI/XIAOSHI,JINHAODIANYUE0.1DUDIANNENG),SHEBEIFENGZUJIDI<30pa,KEJIEYUEDALIANGPAIFENGDONGLINENGHAO。

WU、WUXUYUCHULI:ECHOUQITIWUXUJINXINGTESHUDEYUCHULI,RUJIAWEN、JIASHIDENG,SHEBEIGONGZUOHUANJINGWENDUZAISHESHI-30o-95oZHIJIAN,SHIDUZAI40%-98%ZHIJIANJUNKEZHENGCHANGGONGZUO。

LIU、SHEBEIZHANDIMIANJIXIAO,ZIZHONGQING:SHIHEYUBUZHIJINCOU、CHANGDIXIAXIAODENGTESHUTIAOJIAN,SHEBEIZHANDIMIANJI<1PINGFANGMI/CHULI10000m3/hFENGLIANG。

QI、YOUZHICAILIAOZHIZAO:FANGHUO、FANGFUSHIXINGNENGGAO,XINGNENGWENDING,SHIYONGSHOUMINGZHANG。

(3)SHIYONGYUCHOUQICHULI、YOUJIFEIQICHULIDENG。

3.2低温等离子技术工艺流程图

3.3低温等离子技术工艺工程实例

四、光催化氧化法工艺

4.1光催化氧化法工艺介绍

(1)TONGGUOGUANGYANGHUAHEGUANGWEIBOCHANSHENGDEGAOQIANGDUNAMIZIWAIXIANZHAOSHEWURANWUFENZI,SHISUOYOUYOUJIWUFEIQIDEFENZILIANWANQUANDADUAN,LIEJIE、GAIBIANWUZHIJIEGOU,JIANGGAOFENZIWURANWUZHI,LIEJIE、FENJIECHENGWEIDIFENZIWUHAIWUZHI,RUSHUIHEERYANGHUATANDENG。

DADUANFENJIEDAFENZILIANWEIXIAOFENZILIAN,ZAILIYONGCHOUYANGHEQIANGJIZIYOUJIYANGHUA、CUIHUAJIJINXINGCUIHUAYANGHUA,SHIYOUJIWUBIANWEISHUIHEERYANGHUATAN,YIDADAOQUCHUYOUJIWUDEMUDE。

(2)JISHUTEDIAN:

1、DIWENSHENDUFANYING:

GUANGCUIHUAYANGHUAKEZAICHANGWENJIANGKONGQI、SHUIHETURANGZHONGYOUJIWURANWUWANQUANYANGHUACHENGWUDUWUHAIDEWUZHI。ERCHUANTONGDEGAOWENFENSHAOJISHUZEXUYAOZAIJIGAODEWENDUXIACAIKEJIANGWURANWUCUIHUI,JISHIYONGCHANGGUIDECUIHUAYANGHUAFANGFAYIXUYAOJIBAIDUDEGAOWEN。

2、JINGHUACHEDI:

TAZHIJIEJIANGKONGQIZHONGDEYOUJIWURANWU,WANQUANYANGHUACHENGWUDUWUHAIDEWUZHI,BULIURENHEWUERCIWURAN,MUQIANGUANGFANCAIYONGHUOXINGTANXIFUFABUFENJIEWURANWU,ZHISHIJIANGWURANYUANZHUANYI。

3、LVSENENGYUAN:

GUANGCUIHUAKELIYONGTAIYANGGUANGZUOWEINENGYUANLAIHUOHUAGUANGCUIHUAJI,QUDONGYANGHUAYIHAIYUANFANYING,ERQIEGUANGCUIHUAJIZAIFANYINGGUOCHENGZHONGBINGBUXIAOHAO。CONGNENGYUANJIAODUERYAN,ZHEIYITEZHENGSHIGUANGCUIHUAJISHUGENGJUMEILI。

4、YANGHUAXINGQIANG:

DALIANGYANJIUBIAOMING,BANDAOTIGUANGCUIHUAJUYOUYANGHUAXINGQIANGDETEDIAN,DUICHOUYANGNANYIYANGHUADEMOUXIEYOUJIWURUSANLVJIAWAN、SILVHUATAN、LIULVBEN、DOUNENGYOUXIAODIJIAYIFENJIE,SUOYINANYIJIANGJIEDEYOUJIWUJUYOUTEBIEYIYI,GUANGCUIHUADEYOUXIAOYANGHUAJISHIQIANGJIZIYOUJI(OH),OHDEYANGHUAXINGGAOYUCHANGJIANDECHOUYANG、SHUANGYANGSHUI、GAOMENGSUANJIA、CILVSUANDENG。

5、GUANGPUXING:

GUANGCUIHUADUICONGTINGDAOSUOSUANDEZHONGLEIZHONGDUOYOUJIWUYOUXIAO,MEIGUOHUANBAOSHUGONGBUDEJIUDALEI14ZHONGWURANWUJUNBEIZHENGSHIKETONGGUOGUANGCUIHUADEDAOZHILI,JISHIDUIYUANZIYOUJIWURULUDAITING、RANLIAO、HANDANYOUJIWU、YOUJILINSHACHONGJIYEYOUJIJIADEQUCHUXIAOGUO,YIBANJINGGUOCHIXUFANYINGKEDADAOWANQUANJINGHUA。

6、SHOUMINGZHANG:

LILUNSHANG,CUIHUAJIDESHOUMINGSHIWUXIANZHANG 。

(3)SHIYONGYUCHOUQICHULI、YOUJIFEIQICHULIDENG。

4.2光催化氧化法工艺流程图

4.3光催化氧化法工艺工程实例

五、生物除臭工艺

5.1 生物除臭工艺介绍

(1)ZAISHIYIDEHUANJINGTIAOJIANXIA,WEISHENGWUBUDUANXISHOUYINGYANGWUZHI,BINGANZHAOZIJIDEDAIXIEFANGSHIJINXINGXIN CHENDAIXIEHUODONG。FEIQIZHONGSHENGWUCHULIZHENGSHILIYONGWEISHENGWUXINCHENDAIXIEGUOCHENGZHONGXUYAOYINGYANGWUZHIZHEIYITE DIAN,BAFEIQIZHONGDEYOUHAIWUZHIZHUANHUACHENGJIANDANDEWUJIWURUERYANGHUATAN、SHUI,YIJIXIBAOWUZHIDENG。

(2)SHENGWUGUOLVFACHULIGUOCHENG:

1、FEIQIZHONGDEWURANWUSHOUXIANTONGSHUIJIECHUBINGRONGJIEYUSHUIZHONG(YOUQIMOKUOSANJINRUYEMO);

2、RONGJIEYUYEMOZHONGDEWURANWUZAINONGDUCHADETUIDONGXIAJINYIBUKUOSANDAOSHENGWUMO,JINERBEIQIZHONGDEWEI SHENGWUBUHUOBINGXISHOU;

3、WEISHENGWUJIANGWURANWUZHUANHUAWEISHENGWULIANG、XINCHENDAIXIEFUZHONGGUOJINGCAIWANGHUOZHEC02、SHUIDENG;

4、SHENGHUAFANYINGCHANWUCO2CONGSHENGWUMOBIAOMIANTUOFUBINGFANKUOSANJINRUQIXIANGBENTI,ERH20ZEBEIBAOCHIZAI SHENGWUMONEI。

(3)SHIYONGYUCHOUQICHULI、YOUJIFEIQICHULIDENG。

5.2 生物除臭工艺流程图

5.3 生物除臭工艺工程实例

六、分子筛转轮蓄热焚烧废气处理工艺

6.1分子筛转轮蓄热焚烧废气处理工艺介绍

(1)GONGYIJIESHAO

1.FENZISHAIZHUANLUNNONGSUOSHEBEISHILIYONGXIFU-TUOFU-NONGSUOSANXIANGLIANXUBIANWENDEXI、TUOFUCHENGXU,SHIDINONGDU、DAFENGLIANGYOUJIFEIQINONGSUOWEIGAONONGDUDENONGSUOQITI.

2.QIZHUANGZHITEXINGSHIHECHULIDA、DINONGDU、HANDUOZHONGYOUJICHENGFENDEFEIQI.

3.TONGGUOZHUANLUNDEXUANZHUAN,KEZAIZHUANLUNSHANGTONGSHIWANCHENGQITIDETUOFUHEZHUANLUNDEZAISHENGGUOCHENG.

4.JINRUNONGSUOZHUANLUNDEYOUJIFEIQIZAICHANGWENXIABEIZHUANLUNXIFUQUXIFUJINGHUAHOUZHIJIEPAIFANGZHIDAQI.

5.JIEZHEYINZHUANLUNDEZHUANDONGERJINRUTUOFUQU,XIFULEYOUJIWUZHIDEZHUANLUNZAICIQUNEITUOFU.

6.XIFUZAIZHUANLUNSHANGDEYOUJIWUBEIFENLI、TUOFU、JINRUHOUXUCHULIXITONG.RUCIXUNHUANGONGZUO.

(2)SHIYONGYUYOUJIFEIQI、SHIHUAGONGYEFEIQICHULIDENG。

6.2分子筛转轮蓄热焚烧废气处理工艺流程图

6.3分子筛转轮蓄热焚烧废气处理工艺工程实例

 

 

各种工业废水处理方法

1.YEJINFEISHUI

LAIYUAN:YEJINGONGYEZHONGGUOJINGCAIWANGFANDUO,SHENGCHANLIUCHENGGECHENGXILIE,PAIFANGCHUDALIANGFEISHUI,SHIWURANHUANJINGDEZHUYAOFEISHUIZHIYI。

YEJINFEISHUIDEZHUYAOTEDIANSHISHUILIANGDA、ZHONGLEIDUO、SHUIZHIFUZADUOBIAN。

FEISHUITEDIAN:(1)FEISHUILIANGDA;(2)FEISHUILIUDONGXINGJIEYUGUTIFEIWUZHIJIAN,ZHUYAOTONGGUODIBIAOSHUILIUKUOSAN,ZAOCHENGDUITURANG、SHUITIDEWURAN;(3)FEISHUICHENGFENFUZA,WURANWUCHENGFENGAO,BUYIJINGHUA。CHANGYOUXUANFUWU、RONGJIEWUZUCHENG,CODGAO,HANZHONGJINSHUDUO,DUXINGJIAODA,FEISHUIPIANSUANXING,YOUSHIHANFANGSHEXINGWUZHI、CHULIGUOCHENGFUZA,ZHILINANDUDA。;(4)DAIYOUYANSEHEYIWEI、CHOUWEIHUOYISHENGPAOMO,CHENGXIANSHIRENYANEDEWAIGUAN。

CHULIGONGYI;YEJINFEISHUICHULIFANGSHI   HUAXUEZHONGHEFACHULIYEJINFEISHUI——HUAXUEHAIYUANFACHULIYEJINFEISHUI——TIEXIE/JIAOTANDIANHUAXUEFANYINGCHULIYEJINFEISHUI

2.LIANYOUFEISHUI

LAIYUAN:LIANYOUCHANGDEGONGYEYONGSHUILIANGDA,SHENGCHANYONGSHUIDIANFENSAN,FEISHUIDELAIYUAN、TEXINGHEFEISHUILIANGYUYUANYOUJIAGONGGONGYIGUOCHENG、YUANYOUDELEIXING、SHIYONGDESHEBEI、SHUIZHONGFULIYONGCHENGDUYIJIWEIHUGUANLISHUIPINGDENGYINSUYOUGUAN。GENJUFEISHUIDELAIYUANKEJIANGLIANYOUFEISHUIFENWEIYIXIAJIZHONGLEIXING:

(1)GONGYIFEISHUI:SHENGCHANZHUANGZHICHANSHENGDEFEISHUI,ZHUYAOLAIZILIANYOUZHUANGZHIDETA、GUAN、YOUSHUIFENLIQIDEPAISHUI,SHIZHUYAODEWURANYUAN,ZHANZONGPAISHUIZHONGCODFUHEDE50%ZUOYOU;

(2)HANYOUFEISHUI;ZHUYAOLAIZILIANYOUZHUANGZHIDEJIBENGLENGQUESHUI,YUANYOUJIZHONGZHIYOUZHONGJIANGUANPAISHUI,DIMIANCHONGXISHUI、TA、LENGNINGQIDEPAISHUIYIJIZHUANGZHIQUYUDEHANYOUYUSHUIDENG;

(3)JIADINGJINGSHUI:ZHUYAOLAIZIGUOLUPAIWUSHUI、CHUNSHUIZHIZAOZHUANGZHIDEZAISHENGFEIYE、XUNHUANLENGQUESHUICHANGLIANGSHUITADEPAIWUSHUI;

TEDIAN:LIANYOUCHANGGONGYIDUOZHONGDUOYANG,JUEDINGLELIANYOUFEISHUIDEFUZAXING,QIZONGDETANDIANSHIPAIFANGLIANGDA,BODONGDA,WURANWUZHONGLEIFANDUOQIEHANLIANGBIANHUADA,DUXINGDA,phFANWEIKUANDENGTEDIAN。

CHULIGONGYI:SHENGWUMOFACHULILIANYOUFEISHUI,QIFUFACHULILIANYOUFEISHUI,HUAXUEFACHULILIANYOUFEISHUI,HAOYANGSHENGWUFACHULILIANYOUFEISHUI,CASSGONGYICHULILIANYOUFEISHUI

3.MEIHUAGONGFEISHUI

LAIYUAN:MEIHUAGONGFEISHUIZHONGHANYOUHENDUODUXINGDANONGDUJIAOGAODEXIDIFEISHUI,ZHEIXIEWUZHIDEZHUYAOLAIYUANYU

(1)SHIDUIMEIJINXINGJINGHUAHOUSUOCHANSHENGDEFEISHUI;

(2)SHIDUIYIXIEWUZHIJINXINGHUISHOUJIAGONGGONGCHENGZHONGSUOCHANSHENGDEFEISHUI;

(3)SHIDUIMEIJINXINGJIAOHUAHEGAOWENJIAGONGSHICHANSHENGDEFEISHUI;

(4)SHIDUIMEIJINXINGJIAYACONGERSHIQIQIHUADEGUOCHENGZHONGSUOCHANSHENGDEFEISHUI。

TEDIAN:MEIHUAGONGQIYEPAIFANGFEISHUIYIGAONONGDUMEIQIXIDIFEISHUIWEIZHU,HANYOUDALIANGFEN、QING、YOU、ANDANDENGYOUDU、YOUHAIWUZHI。

ZONGHEFEISHUIZHONGCODcrYIBANZAO500mg/lZUOYOU,FEISHUISUOHANYOUJIWURANWUBAOKUOFENLEI、DUOHUANFENXIANGZUHUAHEWUJIHANDAN、YANG、LIUDEZAHUANHUAHEWUDENG,SHIYIZHONGDIANXINGDEHANYOUNANJIANGJIEDEYOUJIHUAHEWUDEGONGYEFEISHUI。

FEISHUIZHONGDEYINANJIEYOUJIWUZHUYAOSHIFENLEIHUAHEWUDEBENLEIHUAHEWU;PIGE、NAI、FUNAN、MIZUOLEISHUYUKEJIANGJIELEIYOUJIWU;NANJIANGJIEDEYOUJIWUZHUYAOYOUPIDING、GEZUO、LIANBEN、SANLIANBENDENG。

CHULIGONGYI:HANMEIFEISHUICHUANTONGCHULIGONGYITU,HUAXUEFACHULIMEIHUAFEISHUI,QIFUFACHULIMEIHUAFEISHUI,HUNNINGFACHULIMEIHUAFEISHUI,HUAXUEFACHULIJIAOHUAFEISHUI,GAOANDANFEISHUICHULIFA,SHENGWUFACHULIMEIHUAFEISHUI。

4.YUANYOUKAICAIFEISHUI

LAIYUANJITEDIAN:YOUTIANCAICHUSHUISHISUIYUANYOUYIQICONGYOUCENGZHONGKAICAICHULAIDE,FEISHUIBUJINXIEDAIYOUYUANYOU,ZAIGAOWENGAOYADEYOUCENGZHONGHAIRONGJINLEDICENGZHONGDEGEZHONGYANLEIHEQITI;ZAICAIYOUGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUCONGDICENGZHONGXIEDAICHUXUDUOXUANFUGUTI;ZAIYOUQIJISHUGUOCHENGZHONG,CHANJINYIXIEHUAXUEYAOJI;YOUYUCAICHUSHUIZHONGHANYOUDALIANGYOUJIWU,YOUYOUSHIYIWEISHENGWUSHENGCUNDEHUANJING,YINCIFEISHUIZHONGHAIHUIFANZHIDALIANGDEXIJUN。

CHULIGONGYI:HUNNINGFACHULIZUANJINGFEISHUI,CHENJIANGFACHULIYUANYOUKAICAIFEISHUI,MOFACHULIYUANYOUKAICAIFEISHUI,SHENGHUAFACHULIYUANYOUKAICAIFEISHUI,YUANYOUFEISHUIJIBENCHULIGONGYI。

  1. 农药废水

TEDIAN:NONGYAOPINZHONGFANDUO,NONGYAOFEISHUISHUIZHIFUZA,QIZHUYAOTEDIANSHI:(1)WURANWUNONGDUJIAOGAO,COD(HUAXUEXUYANGLIANG)KEDAMEISHENGSHUWANHAOKE;

(2)DUXINGDA,FEISHUIZHONGCHUHANYOUNONGYAOHEZHONGJIANTIWAI,HAIHANYOUFEN、SHEN、GONGDENGYOUDUWUZHIYIJIXUDUOSHENGWUNANYIJIANGJIEDEWUZHI;

(3)YOUECHOU,DUIRENDEHUXIDAOHEZHANMOYOUCIJIXING;

(4)SHUIZHI、SHUILIANGBUWENDING。YINCI,NONGYAOFEISHUIDUIHUANJINGDEWURANFEICHANGYANZHONG。NONGYAOFEISHUICHULIDEMUDESHIJIANGDINONGYAOSHENGCHANFEISHUIZHONGWURANWUNONGDU,TIGAOHUISHOULIYONGLV,LIQIUDADAOWUHAIHUA。

LEIXINGCHULIFANGFA

(1)HANBENFEISHUI:XIFUFACHULIHANBENFEISHUI,WEISHENGWUFACHULIHANBENFEISHUI,SHENGHUAFACHULIHANBENFEISHUI。

(2)HANYOUJILINFEISHUI:GUANGDIANCUIHUAYANGHUAFACHULIHANLINFEISHUI,SBRGONGYICHULIHANLINFEISHUI,HUAXUEYANGHUAFACHULIHANLINFEISHUI

(3)GAONONGDUHANYANFEISHUI:ANFACHULIGAOYANFEISHUI,QIFUFACHULIGAOYANFEISHUI,DIANJIEFACHULIHANYANFEISHUI

(4)GAONONGDUHANFENFEISHUI:SHENGHUAFACHULIHANFENFEISHUI,WULICUIQUFACHULIHANFENFEISHUI,WULICUIQUFACHULIGAONONGDUHANFENFEISHUI(5)HANGONGFEISHUI:JINGTAIXIFUFACHULIHANGONGFEISHUI,HUOXINGTANXIFUFACHULIHANGONGFEISHUI,

6.DIANDUFEISHUI

LAIYUAN :(1)DUJIANQINGXISHUI

(2)FEIDIANDUYE

(3)QITAFEISHUI,BAOKUOCHONGSHUACHEJIANDIMIAN,SHUAXIJIBANXISHUI,TONGFENGSHEBEILENGNINGSHUI,YIJIYOUYUDUCAOSHENLOUHUOCAOZUOGUANLIBUDANGZAOCHENGDE “PAO、MAO、DI、LOU”DEGEZHONGCAOYEHEPAISHUI;

(4)SHEBEILENGQUESHUI,LENGQUESHUIZAISHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGCHUWENDUSHENGGAOYIWAI,WEISHOUDAOWURAN。DIANDUFEISHUIDESHUIZHI、SHUILIANGYUDIANDUSHENGCHANDEGONGYITIAOJIAN、SHENGCHANFUHE、CAOZUOGUANLIYUYONGSHUIFANGSHIDENGYINSUYOUGUAN。

TEDIANJIWEIHAI:

DIANDUFEISHUIDECHENGFENFEICHANGFUZA,CHUHANQING(CN-)FEISHUIHESUANJIANFEISHUIWAI,ZHONGJINSHUFEISHUISHIDIANDUYEQIANZAIWEIHAIXINGJIDADEFEISHUILEIBIE。GENJUZHONGJINSHUFEISHUIZHONGSUOHANZHONGJINSHUYUANSUJINXINGFENLEI,YIBANKEYIFENWEIHANGE(Cr)FEISHUI、HANNIE(Ni)FEISHUI、HANGE(Cd)FEISHUI、HANTONG(Cu)FEISHUI、HANXIN(Zn)FEISHUI、HANJIN(Au)FEISHUI、HANYIN(Ag)FEISHUIDENG。

(1)QINGHUAWU

QINGHUAWUDUXINGFEICHANGQIANGDEWUZHI,YOUQISHIZAISUANXINGTIAOJIANXIA,QIHUIBIANCHENGJUDUDEDEQINGQINGSUAN,YINCISHUOHANQINGDEFEISHUIBIXUXIANJINGGUOCHULI,CAIKEPAIRUSHUIDAOHUOHELIUZHONG。QINGHUAWURENTIZHIMINGDESHERULIANGFENBIEWEI:QINGHUAJIAWEI120mg、QINGHUANAWEI100mg;ZHANGQIYINYONGHANQING0.14mg/dm3DESHUIHUICHUXIANTOUTENG、TOUYUN、XINJIDENGZHENGZHUANG。

(2)LIUJIAGEHESANJIAGE

GEYOUSANJIA(Cr3+)HELIUJIA(Cr6+)ZHIFEN。SHIYANZHENGMINGLIUJIAGEDEDUXINGBISANJIAGEGAO100BEI,KEZAIREN、YUHEZHIWUTINEIXUJI。LIUJIAGEDUIRENTIPIFU、HUXIXITONGYIJINEIZANGDOUYOUSHANGHAI,NENGZHIHUXIDAOAI,ZHUYAOSHIZHIQIGUANAI。

(3)QIANHEQIANHUAWU

QIANJIQIHUAHEWUDUIYURENTILAISHUODOUSHIYOUHAIDEYUANSU,HUIYINQISHUITIZHONGYULEI、SHUISHENGWUDENGDEZHONGDU,SHENZHIZHISI,QIANRUGUOJINRURENTIHOU,RENTIKEYIXISHOUDEFANWEISHI5%~10%,CHAOLIANGHOUQIANHUIZAIRENTIZHONGJILEI,BINGQIEYINFAGUGEDENEIYUANXINGZHONGDUXIANXIANG,DANGXUEQIANDAO60~80μg/100cm3SHI,JIUHUICHUXIANTOUTENG、PIFA、JIYISHUAITUI、SHIMIAN、SHIYUBUZHENDENGZHENGZHUANG。

(4)NIEHENIEHUAHEWU

NIEZAIRENTIZHONGZHUYAOCUNZAIYUNAO、JISUI、WUZANGZHONG,YIFEIWEIZHU。DUIYURENTIDEYINGXIANGZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAIYIZHIMEIXITONG。NIEJIQINIEYANLEIDUIDIANDUGONGRENDEDUHAIZHUYAOSHINIEPIYAN。

(5)TONGHETONGHUAHEWU

TONGSUIRANSHISHISHENGMINGSUOBIXUDEWEILIANGYUANSUZHIYI,DANYIDANSHERUGUOLIANGDUIYURENTIHEDONG、ZHIWUDOUHUICHANSHENGWEIHAI。KEDAOZHIPIYANHESHIZHEN,SHENZHIPIFUHUAISIDEQINGKUANGFASHENG。

(6)XINHEXINHUAHEWU

XINYESHIRENTIBIBEIWEILIANGYUANSU,ZHENGCHANGRENMEITIANCONGSHIWUZHONGXISHOUXIN10~15mg。YIDANGUOLIANGYEHUIDAOZHIJIXINGCHANGWEIYANZHENGZHUANG,RUEXIN、OUTU,TONGSHIBANYOUTOUYUN、ZHOUSHENWULIDENGXIANXIANGCHUXIAN。

DIANXINGCHULIGONGYI:HUAXUEFACHULIDIANDUFEISHUIGONGYILIUCHENG,MOFACHULIDIANDUFEISHUIGONGYILIUCHENG,SHENGWUFACHULIDIANDUFEISHUIGONGYILIUCHENG

  1. 食品加工废水

LAIYUAN:SHIPINJIAGONGFEISHUIZHUYAOLAIZISANGESHENGCHANGONGDUAN:

(1)YUANLIAOQINGXIGONGDUAN。DALIANGSHATUZAWU、YE、PI、LIN、ROU、YU、MAODENGJINRUFEISHUIZHONG,SHIFEISHUIZHONGHANDALIANGXUANFUWU。

(2)SHENGCHANGONGDUAN。YUANLIAOZHONGHENDUOCHENGFENZAIJIAGONGGUOCHENGZHONGBUNENGQUANBULIYONG,WEILIYONGBUFENJINRUFEISHUI,SHIFEISHUIHANDALIANGYOUJIWU。

(3)CHENGXINGGONGDUAN。WEIZENGJIASHIPINSE、XIANG、WEI,YANZHANGBAOCUNQI,SHIYONGLEGEZHONGSHIPINTIANJIAJI,YIBUFENLIUSHIJINRUFEISHUI,SHIFEISHUIHUAXUECHENGFENFUZA。

TEDIAN

SHIPINJIAGONGFEISHUIDESHUILIANGSHUIZHITEXINGZHUYAOTIXIANZAI6GEFANGMIAN:

(1)SHENGCHANSUIJIJIEBIANHUA,FEISHUISHUIZHISHUILIANGYESUIJIJIEBIANHUA。

(2)FEISHUILIANGDAXIAOBUYI,SHIPINGONGYECONGJIATINGGONGYEDEXIAOGUIMODAOGEZHONGDAXINGGONGCHANG,ZHONGGUOJINGCAIWANGPINZHONGFANDUO,QIYUANLIAO、GONGYI、GUIMODENGCHABIEHENDA,FEISHUILIANGCONGSHUm3/dDAOSHUQIANm3/dBUDENG。

(3)SHIPINGONGYEFEISHUIZHONGKEJIANGJIECHENGFENDUO,DUIYUYIBANSHIPINGONGYE,YOUYUYUANLIAOLAIYUANYUZIRANJIEYOUJIWUZHI,QIFEISHUIZHONGDECHENGFENYEYIZIRANYOUJIWUZHIWEIZHU,BUHANYOUDUWUZHI,GUKESHENGWUJIANGJIEXINGHAO,QIBOD5/CODGAODA0.84。

(4)GAONONGDUFEISHUIDUO。

(5)FEISHUIZHONGHANGEZHONGWEISHENGWU,BAOHANZHIBINGWEISHENGWU,FEISHUIYIFUBAIFACHOU。

(6)FEISHUIZHONGDAN、LINHANLIANGGAO。

DIANXINGCHULIGONGYI:CASSGONGYICHULISHIPINJIAGONGFEISHUI,QIFUFACHULISHIPINJIAGONGFEISHUI,LIANGDUANSBRFACHULISHIPINJIAGONGFEISHUI,SHENGWUFACHULISHIPINJIAGONGFEISHUI,JIECHUYANGGONGYICHULISHIPINJIAGONGFEISHUIFEISHUI

  1. 生活废水

LAIYUAN:SHENGHUOWUSHUISHILAIZIJIATING、JIGUAN、SHANGYEHECHENGSHIGONGYONGSHESHIJICHENGSHIJINGLIUDEWUSHUI。XINXIANDECHENGSHIWUSHUIJIANJIANCHENFUHEFUHUASHIRONGJIEYANGHANLIANGXIAJIANG,CHUXIANYANYANGJIANGJIEFANYING,CHANSHENGLIUHUAQING、LIUCHUN、YINDUOHEFENCHOUSU,SHISHUIJUYOUECHOU。

TEDIAN

(1)HANDAN、LIN、LIUGAO。

(2)HANYOUXIANWEISU、DIANFEN、TANGLEI、ZHIFANG、DANBAIZHIDENG,ZAIYANYANGXINGXIJUNZUOYONGXIAYICHANSHENGECHOUWUZHI。

(3)HANYOUDUOZHONGWEIRUXIJUN、BINGYUANJUN,YISHIRENCHUANRANSHANGGEZHONGJIBING。

(4)YOUYUXIDIJIDALIANGSHIYONG,SHITAZAIWUSHUIZHONGHANLIANGZENGDA,DUIRENTIYOUYIDINGWEIHAI。

DIANXINGCHULIGONGYI:YANGHUAFACHULISHENGHUOFEISHUI,SHENGWUFACHULISHENGHUOFEISHUI,DIANXINGCHULIGONGYI

9.ZAOZHIFEISHUI

LAIYUAN:ZAOZHIGONGYESHIYONGMUCAI、DAOCAO、LUWEI、POBUDENGWEIYUANLIAO,JINGGAOWENGAOYAZHENGZHUERFENLICHUXIANWEISU,ZHICHENGZHIJIANG。ZAISHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONG,ZUIHOUPAICHUYUANLIAOZHONGDEFEIXIANWEISUBUFENCHENGWEIZAOZHIHEIYE。

HEIYEZHONGHANYOUMUZHISU、XIANWEISU、HUIFAXINGYOUJISUANDENG,YOUCHOUWEI,WURANXINGHENQIANG。ZAOZHIGONGYEFEISHUISHIYIZHONGSHUILIANGDA、SEDUGAO、XUANFUWUHANLIANGDA、YOUJIWUNONGDUGAO、CHENGFENFUZADENANCHULIYOUJIFEISHUI。

TEDIAN

ZAOZHIFEISHUIWEIHAIHENDA,QIZHONGHEISHUISHIWEIHAIZUIDADE,TASUOHANDEWURANWUZHANDAOLEZAOZHIGONGYEWURANPAIFANGZONGLIANGDE90%YISHANG,YOUYUHEISHUIJIANXINGDA、YANSESHEN、CHOUWEIZHONG、PAOMODUO,BINGDALIANGXIAOHAOSHUIZHONGRONGJIEYANG,YANZHONGDIWURANSHUIYUAN,JIHUANJINGHERENLEIJIANKANGDAILAIWEIHAI。

ERZHONGDUANSHUIDUIHUANJINGWURANZUIYANZHONGDESHIPIAOBAIGUOCHENGZHONGCHANSHENGDEHANLVFEISHUI,LIRULVHUAPIAOBAIFEISHUI,CILVSUANYANPIAOBAIFEISHUIDENG。CIWAI,PIAOBAIFEIYEZHONGHANYOUDUXINGJIQIANGDEZHIAIWUZHIEREYING,YEDUISHENGTAIHUANJINGHERENTIJIANKANGZAOCHENGLEYANZHONGWEIXIE。

DIANXINGCHULIGONGYI:DIANXINGGONGYI,QIFUFACHULIZAOZHIFEISHUI,MBRGONGYICHULIZAOZHIFEISHUI,YANGHUAGOUGONGYICHULIZAOZHIFEISHUI

  1. 印染废水

来源:(1)退浆废水,水量较小,污染物浓度高,主要含有浆料及其分解物、纤维屑、酸、淀粉碱和酶类污染物,浊度大。废水呈碱性,pH值为12左右。用淀粉浆料时BOD、COD均高,可生化性较好;用合成浆料时COD很高,BOD小于5mg/L,水可生化性较差;
(2)煮炼废水,水量大,污染物浓度高,主要含有纤维素、果酸、蜡质、油脂、碱、表面活性剂、含氮化合物等。

FEISHUIJIANXINGHENQIANG,SHUIWENGAO,CHENGHESE,CODYUBODHENGAO,DAMEISHENGSHUQIANHAOKE。HUAXUEXIANWEIZHULIANFEISHUIDEWURANJIAOQING;

(3)PIAOBAIFEISHUI,SHUILIANGDA,WURANJIAOQING,ZHUYAOHANYOUCANYUDEPIAOBAIJI、SHAOLIANGCUSUAN、CAOSUAN、LIUDAILIUSUANNADENG;

(4)SIGUANGFEISHUI,HANJIANLIANGGAO,NaOHHANLIANGZAI3%-5%,DUOSHUYINRANCHANGTONGGUOZHENGFANONGSUOHUISHOUNaOH,SUOYISIGUANGFEISHUIYIBANHENSHAOPAICHU,JINGGUOGONGYIDUOCIZHONGFUSHIYONGZUIZHONGPAICHUDEFEISHUIRENGCHENGQIANGJIANXING,BOD、COD、SSJUNJIAOGAO;

(5)RANSEFEISHUI,SHUIZHIDUOBIAN,YOUSHIHANYOUSHIYONGGEZHONGRANLIAOSHIDEYOUDUWUZHI(LIUHUAJIAN、TUJIUSHI、BENAN、LIUSUANTONG、FENDENG),JIANXING,PHYOUSHIDA10YISHANG(CAIYONGLIUHUA、HAIYUANRANLIAOSHI),HANYOUYOUJIRANLIAO、BIAOMIANHUOXINGJIDENG。SEDUHENGAO,ERSSSHAO,CODJIAOBODGAO,KESHENGHUAXINGJIAOCHA;

(5)YINHUAFEISHUI,HANJIANGLIAO,BOD、CODGAO;

(6)ZHENGLIGONGXUFEISHUI,ZHUYAOHANYOUXIANWEIXIE、SHUZHI、JIAQUAN、YOUJIHEJIANGLIAO,SHUILIANGSHAO;

(7)JIANJIANLIANGFEISHUI:SHIDILUNFANGZHENSIJIANJIANLIANGGONGXUCHANSHENGDE,ZHUYAOHANDILUNSHUIJIEWUDUIBENERJIASUAN、YIERCHUNDENG,QIZHONGDUIBENERJIASUANHANLIANGGAODA75%。JIANJIANLIANGFEISHUIBUJINpHZHIGAO(YIBAN>12),ERQIEYOUJIWUNONGDUGAO,JIANJIANLIANGGONGXUPAIFANGDEFEISHUIZHONGCODCrKEGAODA9WANmg/L,GAOFENZIYOUJIWUJIBUFENRANLIAOHENNANBEISHENGWUJIANGJIE,CIZHONGFEISHUISHUGAONONGDUNANJIANGJIEYOUJIFEISHUI。TEDIAN:YINRANFEISHUISHIJIAGONGMIAN、MA、HUAXUEXIANWEIJIQIHUNFANGZHONGGUOJINGCAIWANGWEIZHUDEYINRANCHANGPAICHUDEFEISHUI。YINRANFEISHUISHUILIANGJIAODA,MEIYINRANJIAGONG1DUNFANGZHIPINHAOSHUI100~200DUN,QIZHONG80~90%CHENGWEIFEISHUI。FANGZHIYINRANFEISHUIJUYOUSHUILIANGDA、YOUJIWURANWUHANLIANGGAO、JIANXINGDA、SHUIZHIBIANHUADADENGTEDIAN,SHUNANCHULIDEGONGYEFEISHUIZHIYI,FEISHUIZHONGHANYOURANLIAO、JIANGLIAO、ZHUJI、YOUJI、SUANJIAN、XIANWEIZAZHI、SHALEIWUZHI、WUJIYANDENG。

DIANXINGCHULIGONGYI:SHENGHUAFACHULIYINRANFEISHUI,SHENGWUFACHULIYINRANFEISHUI,HAOYANGSHENGWUFACHULIYINRANFEISHUIJIECHUYANGHUAFACHULIYINRANFEISHUI

  1. 制革废水

LAIYUAN:ZHIGEGONGYIANZHONGGUOJINGCAIWANGDEYONGTUFENWEIQINGGEHEZHONGGELIANGDALEI,ANYUANLIAOYOUKEFENWEINIUPIGE、ZHUPIGEHEYANGPIGE。ZHIGEGONGYILIUCHENGYIBANKEFENWEIZHUNBEI、ROUZHIHEZHENGLISANGEGONGDUAN。ZHUNBEIHEROUZHIGONGDUANDEDADUOSHUGONGXUSHIZAISHUIRONGYEZHONGJINXINGDEHUAXUECHULIGUOCHENG,FEISHUIZHUYAOLAIZIZHEILIANGGEGONGDUAN。

ZHIGEFEISHUIYOUQIYITUOZHIFEISHUI(ZHUPIGE)、TUOMAOJINHUIFEISHUI、GEROUFEISHUIDEWURANZUIWEIYANZHONG。SUIRANZHEISANZHONGFEISHUIDESHUILIANGZHIZHANZONGPAISHUILIANGDE20%,DANWURANFUHEQUEZHANZONGFUHEDE80%。

TEDIAN

(1)ZHIGEFEISHUIDETEDIANSHICHENGFENFUZA、SEDUSHEN、XUANFUWUDUO、HAOYANGLIANGGAO、SHUILIANGDA。

(2)XUANFUWU:WEIDALIANGSHIHUI、SUIPI、MAO、YOUZHA、ROUZHADENG。

(3)CODcr:ZAIPIGEJIAGONGGUOCHENGZHONGSHIYONGDECAILIAODADUOWEIZHUJI、SHIHUI、LIUHUANA、ANYAN、ZHIWUROUJI、SUAN、JIAN、DANBAIMEI、GEROUJI、ZHONGHEJIDENG,GUCODHANLIANGDA。

(4)BODs:KERONGXINGDANBAI、YOUZHI、XUEDENGYOUJIWU。

(5)LIU:ZHUYAOSHIZAIJINHUIGUOCHENGZHONGSHIYONGLIUHUANASUOCHANSHENGDELIUHUAWU。

(6)GE:SHIZAIGEROUZHIZHONGSUOPAICHUDEGESUANFEISHUIYE。

DIANXINGCHULIGONGYI:YANGHUAGOUGONGYICHULIZHIGEFEISHUI,SHENGWUJIECHUFACHULIZHIGEFEISHUI,JIECHUYANGHUAFACHULIZHIGEFEISHUI,QIFUFACHULIZHIGEFEISHUI

高浓度高COD污水处理工艺概述

1、高浓度高COD污水概述

GONGYEWUSHUILAIYUANGUANG、ZHONGLEIDUO,SUIZHEGONGYESHENGCHANJISHUDETIGAO,GONGYEFEISHUIZHONGDECHENGFENYEBIANDEDUOZHONGDUOYANG。QIZHONGDEGAOXUYANGWURANWU、YOUDUWURANWUSHIGONGYEFEISHUIDETEDIANJIZHONGTIXIANWEISANGEFANGMIAN:GAONONGDU,GAOANDAN,NANJIANGJIE。BUTONGDEFEISHUIXUYAOBUTONGDECHULIFANGFA。

GAONONGDUSHIZHIFEISHUIZHONGHANYOUDEYOUJIWUJIAODUO,QIBIAOZHENGWEICODZHIJIAOGAO,WANGWANGGUOWAN。DUIYUCILEIFEISHUIDANCHUNYIKAOHAOYANGSHENGWUCHULISHIWUFASHIXIANDABIAOPAIFANGDE。GAOANDANSHIZHISHUIZHONGHANYOUNH4+JIAOGAO,QIDUIYANYANGCHANJIAWANGUOCHENGYOUSHIFENQIANGLIEDEYIZHIZUOYONG。NANJIANGJIESHIZHIFEISHUIZHONGKEZHIJIEBEIWEISHENGWULIYONGDECHENGFENJIAOSHAO,B/CZHIJIAODI,BUSHIYICAIYONGSHENGHUAFACHULI,WANGWANGXUYAOJINXINGYUCHULILAITIGAOQISHENGHUAXING。SHUICHULIGONGZUOZHEJINGGUODUONIANYANJIU,DUIYUCHULIYISHANGDANYIFANGMIANTEDIANDEGONGYEFEISHUI,YIYOUJIAOCHENGSHUDEGONGYI。DANSUIZHEGONGYESHENGCHANDECHANLIANGHUAJIZHONGGUOJINGCAIWANGDEDUOYANGHUA,XIANZAIDEGONGYEFEISHUIWANGWANGTONGSHIJUYOUYISHANGSANZHONGTEDIAN,YUANYOUCHENGSHUDECHULIGONGYIYIYUANYUANBUNENGMANZUCILEIFEISHUIDABIAOPAIFANGDEYAOQIU。YUCITONGSHI,GONGZHONGDEHUANBAOYISHIBUDUANZENGQIANG,GUOJIADUIYUHUANJINGWENTIRIYIZHONGSHI,FALVFAGUIYEYUJIAYANGE,CILEIFEISHUIDECUNZAIZUYIJIBANYIGEQIYEDEFAZHANYUZHUANGDA,CHENGWEIMEIGEMIANLINCILEIWENTIQIYEDEFAZHANPINGJING。WOZHONGGUOJINGCAIWANGZHENDUICILEIGONGYEFEISHUIDESHUIZHITEDIAN,ZHUTIYITUOYUSHENGWUCHULIFANGFA,CAIYONGZUIXINYANFADEWUSHUICHULIJISHU,SHEJIGAOXIAOYANYANGFANYINGQI(HAF)+LIULISHENGWUFANYINGQI(FSBBR)+ QIANGHUAXINGMOSHENGWUFANYINGQI(MEBR),DUIBUTONGXINGYEDEGAONONGDU,GAODANDANNANJIANGJIEGONGYEFEISHUIJINXINGDUOCIXIANCHANGSHIYAN,JUNQUDELECHENGGONG,XIANGGUANDEZHIWUJISHUZAISHIJIANZHONGDEDAOLEYANZHENG。GAIJISHUSHIYONGYUZHIYAOCHANGWUSHUI、HUAGONGCHANGWUSHUI、YIYUANWUSHUI、TUZAICHANGWUSHUI、ZAOZHICHANGWUSHUI、YINRANCHANGWUSHUI、PIGECHANGWUSHUIDENG,TONGSHIKEGENJUBUTONGXINGYEDEFEISHUITEDIANJISHUIZHITIAOJIANJINXINGYOUHUAZUHE,YIDADAOZUIJIACHULIXIAOGUO。QIYUCHUANTONGCHULIGONGYIXIANGBIJISHUKEJIHANLIANGGAO、TOURUCHANCHUBIGAO、JIANSHESHIJIANDUAN、JIANXIAOKUAI、ZHANDIMIANJISHAO、SHIJIYUNXINGXIAOGUOXIANZHU。

2、高浓度高cod污水处理技术简介

2.1 HAF(Hybrid Anaerobic Filter)GAOXIAOYANYANGFANYINGQI

GAOXIAOYANYANGSHENGWULVCHISHIYIGENEIBUTIANCHONGYOUGONGWEISHENGWUFUZHEDETIANLIAODEYANYANGFANYINGQI。TIANLIAOJINMEIZAISHUIZHONG,WEISHENGWUFUZHEZAITIANLIAOSHANG。FEISHUICONGXIABUJINRUFANYINGQI,TONGGUOGUDINGTIANLIAOCHUANG,ZAIYANYANGWEISHENGWUDEZUOYONGXIA,FEISHUIZHONGDEYOUJIWUBEIYANYANGFENJIE。YANYANGSHENGWULVCHIJUYOUJIAODADEKANGCHONGJIFUHENENGLI,YIBANYIWEIZAIXIANGTONGDEWENDUTIAOJIANXIA,YANYANGSHENGWULVCHIDEFUHEKEGAOCHUYANYANGJIECHUDENGQITAGONGYI2-3BEI,TONGSHIHUIYOUJIAOGAODECODQUCHULV。HAFGAOXIAOYANYANGFANYINGQIJUYOURUXIATEDIAN:

① CODQUCHULVDA80%YISHANG;

② KUAISUQIDONG,2ZHOUHOUCODQUCHULVKEDADAO60%YISHANG,QIEWUXUJIEZHONGYANYANGWUNI;

③ CHANGWENXIAYUNXING,KANGCHONGJIFUHENENGLIQIANG;

④ BUYONGDIAOZHENGPHZHI,JIESHENGYAOJIFEI;

⑤ KEJIANXIEYUNXING;

⑥ KANGDUSAINENGLIQIANG;

⑦ WUXUZHUANRENGUANLI。

2.2 FSBBR(Flow Separate Bed Bio-react)LIULISHENGWUFANYINGQI

FSBBRSHIYIZHONGSHENGWUMOFAFANYINGQI,ZAIFANYINGQINEIJIARUXINXINGDESHENGWUTIANLIAO,SHENGWUMOFUGAIZAITIANLIAOBIAOMIAN,YOUJIWUZAISHENGWUMONEIKUOSANDETONGSHIBEIWEISHENGWUSUOJIANGJIE。TIANLIAOZAIFSBBRCHIYUNXINGDEGUOCHENGZHONGSHIYIYANYANG、JIANYANG、HAOYANGDEDUOBIANHUANJING。

2.2.1 JISHUGAISHU:

“LIULI”XIANXIANG,SHIYIZHONGZIRANXIANXIANG,LIUTIZAILIUDONGZHONGZONGCUNZAIZHEBUTONGDELIUSUKUAIHELIUSUMANDECHANGSUO,GUTIWUHEYOUJIWUJIAOTIZAILIUTIDELIUDONGZHONG,ZONGSHIYOULIUSUKUAIDEYICEXIANGLIUSUMANDEYICEJIZHONGJUJI,ZHEIZHONGXIANXIANGCHENGZHIWEI“LIULI”。“LIULI”SHICHANSHENGYUJINNIANDEYIZHONGYOUJIFEISHUICHULIDEXINJISHU,ZHEIZHONGJINGHUAJISHUZAIWUYALI、ZHIXUSHUITISHAOWEILIUDONG,WUSHUIZHONGDEPIAOFUWUZHUJIANJIZHONGZAILIUSUMANDEDIFANGCHANSHENGLIULIXIANXIANG。JINGGUOWUSHUCILIULIZUOYONG,SHIWUSHUIZHONGDEGUXINGWUHEYOUJIWUJIAOTIYUSHUIFENLI,ZUIZHONGSHUIZAILIULISHENGHUACHIZHONGTINGLIUJIXIAOSHI,ERZAZHITINGLIUJIRIHUOJIZHOU,BEIFUZHEDESHENGWUJUNSHENGHUAFENJIE,BIANCHENGH2O、CO2、N2,ZHIYAOCHUCHENCHIBABURONGJIEWUJIZHIQUCHUHOU,JIUWUWUNICHANSHENG,DADAODUOZHONGSHUICHULIXIAOGUO,TONGSHIGOUCHENGLELIULISHENGHUAJISHU。

2.2.2 LIULISHENGHUAJISHUDEXINGNENG:

TIANLIAOYUSHUIPINGMIANSUOCHENGDEJIAODUYUEXIAO,ZAIFENPEISHUILIUNENGLIYUEQIANGWEISHENGWUHEYOUJIWUZHIJIANJIECHUYEYUECHONGFEN,RONGJIEXINGCODcrHEBOD5QUCHUXIAOGUOYUEHAO。SHIJIYUNXINGGUOCHENGZHONGLVCHIZHONGDETIANLIAOKEQIDAOLIULIZUOYONG,DUIWEISHENGWUSHENGZHANGKUAI,QIDONGSHIJIANDUAN,KEWEICHIJIAOGAODESHENGHUALIANG。

2.2.3 GONGYITEDIAN:

① YOUYUCAIYONGLEGUDINGTIANLIAO,CHEDIJIEJUELEWUNIPENGZHANGDEWENTI,QIETIGAOLEXITONGDEKANGCHONGJIFUHENENGLI。WUXUHUOXINGWUNIPEIJUN,KEZIXINGGUAMO,DUIWEISHENGWUSHENGZHANGKUAI,GUQIDONGSHIJIANDUAN。

② TIANLIAOYUJINSHUISUOCHENGJIAODUXIAO,JIECHUCHONGFEN,RONGJIEXINGCODcrQUCHULVGAODA70-98%,YOUYUCUNZAITIANLIAODUIQIPAODEQIEGEZUOYONG,KEYISHIYANGDELIYONGLVTIGAOZHI16%

③ PUQIXITONGCAIYONGCHUANKONGGUAN,JIEJUELEPUQITOUYIHUAIXUYAOGENGHUANDENANTI,JIEYUETOUZI,WEIHUJIANDAN,SHIYONGSHOUMINGKEDA20NIAN。

④ JIANGHRTHESRTFENKAI,GUTITINGLIUSHIJIANZHANGDA20JITIAN,YOULIYUXIAOHUAJUNDESHENGZHANG,YOUHENHAODETUODANXIAOGUO;

⑤ YUCHUANTONGDEHUOXINGWUNIFADANYIDESHENGWUQUNBUTONG,FSBBRGONGYIZHONGKEYIXINGCHENGWANZHENGDESHIWULIAN,TONGGUOWEISHENGWUDEZHUJIJIANGJIE,CHEDIDEJIANGSHUIZHONGDEYOUJIWURANWUQUCHU。TAYUDANYISHENGWUHUANJINGDEGENBENQUBIEJIUZAIYUYIKAOWANZHENGDESHIWULIANZHUJIJIANGJIEWUNI,CONGERDALIANGDEJIANGDILEWUNIPAIFANGLIANG,ERCHANSHENGSHAOLIANGZHIXUYAOTONGGUOWUNIBENGDINGQIWAIPAIYUNCHUJIKE,CONGGENBENSHANGJIEJUELEWUNICHANSHENGDALIANGYIWEIJICHULIXITONGFUZADECAOZUOGUANLI,JIANGDILEFEIYONG。

⑥ CAIYONGXINXINGSHENGWUZAITI,ZAIHAOYANG、YANYANG、QUEYANGDUANDOUSHIYONGGAIZAITI,TONGGUOKONGZHILIANGHAODEHUNHEYEHUILIU,ZAITONGYIGOUZHUWUZHONGPEIYANGCHUXIAOHUAJUNHEFANXIAOHUAJUN,CHENGGONGSHIXIANLETONGBUXIAOHUAFANXIAOHUA,TIGAOANDANQUCHULVZENGQIANGDUILINDECHULINENGLI。

⑦ TONGSHIYOUYUZAIZAITIWAIBUSHUILIUSUDUKUAI,ERQIEDALIANGPUQI,YINCIZHENGGECHIZICHUZAIYIZHONGHAOYANGDEZHUANGTAIXIA,DANZAIZAITINEIBUHUICHUXIANQUEYANGJIQIYANYANGDEFANYING,ZHEIZHONGYANYANGDEZHUANGTAIBEIZHENGGEDEHAOYANGZHUANGTAISUOBAOWEI,YINCIGAIJISHUBUCHANSHENGCHOUQI,CONGGENBENSHANGJIEJUECHUANTONGGONGYISHANGCUNZAIDEQIWEIWENTI。

LIULISHENGHUAZUNXUNSIGEYUANZE,ZEKEXIAOCHUWUNIFASHENG:

① JUJIEGUXINGWU,WEISHENGWUDALIANGFANZHI;

② SHIJUJIEDEGUXINGWUCHANSHENGYIDONG;

③ YIDONGSHI,HAOYANG、YANYANGGUOCHENGDUOCIZHONGFUFASHENG;

④ GUXINGWUZAIGOUZHUWUNEIBUDUANYIDONG,QITINGLIUSHIJIANANRIDANWEIJISUAN。

YISHANGSIYUANZEPANDUANRUXIASANZHONGGUYEFENLIYUANLIJIUKEYIDEZHI:

① CHENDIAN:FENLIDEGUTIDUIJIZAICHIDIBUWUYIDONGXINGNENG,YUANFENGBUDONGDEDANYIHUANJING,GUBUFENJIE;

② GUOLV:BEIJIEZHIGUOLVXIALAIDESS,JUJIDAOYICHU,QIZHUANGTAIHECHENDIANYUANLIYIYANG,NANYIYIDONG,YINCIYIBUFENJIE;

③ LIULI:JIZHONGZAISHENGWUZAITINEI,JINGGUOYANYANGZHUANGTAISHIQISHUIJIESUANHUA、LIUCHU、ZAIBEIHAOYANGFENJIE,YINCI,WUNITONGGUOSHENGWUZAITILIANXUBUDUANDELIULI,CHANSHENGFENJIEHEXIAOHUA。

YISHANGDEZHISHENGHUALIULIBUXUYAOCHULIWUNI,SUOYISHIMUQIANJINGHUAYOUJIWUSHUIGONGYIZHONGDEJIAOLIXIANGDEFANGAN。FSBBRGONGYICHINEIDETIANLIAOCAIYONGSHIXINXINGSHENGWUZAITI,GAITIANLIAOSHIGUOWAIJINNIANLAICHUANGLIDEYIZHONGGUYEFENLIXINJISHU。WOZHONGGUOJINGCAIWANGJIEHEJUTIQINGKUANGKAIFA、YANZHICHENGGONGXINYIDAIZHONGSHUI、WUSHUICHULIXINJISHU,GAIJISHUTUPOCHUANTONGCHULIFANGFA,SHIGONGJIANDAN,GUANLIFANGBIAN,JIBENKESHIXIANWURENGUANLI;SHENGWUZAITIYUJINSHUISUOCHENGJIAODUXIAO,JIECHUCHONGFEN,RONGJIEXINGCODcrQUCHULVGAODA70-98%,DUIWUSHUIZHONGDEYOU、DANDENGJUNYOUJIAOGAODEQUCHULV;GUAMORONGYI,TUOLUOKUAI;WUXUHUOXINGWUNIPEIJUN,KEZIXINGGUAMO,WEISHENGWUSHENGZHANGKUAI,QIDONGSHIJIANDUAN,KEWEICHIJIAOGAODESHENGHUALIANG;ZHANDIMIANJIXIAO,(WUCHENDIANCHIJIWUNICHULIXITONG)、TOUZISHENG,YUNXINGFEIYONGJIAODI,ZIDONGHUACHENGDUGAO;ZAITISHIYONGSHOUMINGKEDAWUSHINIANZHIJIU;BUCHANSHENGWUNI,JIANHUALECHULILIUCHENG,WUERCIWURAN。YOUYUGAIGONGYIYOUJIAOZHANGDEGUOLIUDUANMIANKEYIDADAZULIUSHUITIZHONGXUANFUWU,WUXUGUOLVCHUSHUIKEZHIJIEDADAOPAIFANGDEBIAOZHUN。

2.3 MEBR (Membrane Enhanced Bio-React) QIANGHUAXINGMOSHENGWUFANYINGQI

JIANGSHENGWUMOFANYINGQIYUMOSHENGWUFANYINGQIXIANGJIEHE,KAICHUANGLEMOFAWUSHUICHULIDEXINJIYUAN。MEBRWUSHUIJINRUSHENGWUMOFANYINGQI,LIYONGSHENGZHANGZAISHENGWUTIANLIAOBIAOMIANDEWEISHENGWUMOJIANGJIEWURANWU,SHIDESHENGWUFANYINGQICHUSHUIZHONGDEWUNIHANLIANGDADAJIANGDI,WUNIDECHENJIANGXINGNENGDADATIGAO,YINERKEYILIYONGJIAOXIAODECHENDIANTIJISHIXIANSHENGWUFANYINGQICHANSHUIWUNIHANLIANGDADAJIANGDI。SHENGWUMOFANYINGQICHUSHUIJINRUZHONGKONGXIANWEIMOFENLIZHUANGZHI,YOUYUMOFENLIZHUANGZHIDEJISHUIZHONGWUNIHANLIANGBEIKONGZHIZAI100ppmYIXIA,MODEGONGZUOHUANJINGCHENGBEIGAISHAN,MODETONGLIANGYEDEYIMINGXIANTIGAO。TONGGUOMOFENLIZHUANGZHIJIELIUSHUIZHONGDEYOULIHUOXINGXIJUN、XIJUNSHITI、QITAXUANFUWUHEBUFENDAFENZIHUAHEWU,SHISHUIZHIJINYIBUTIGAO。BEIMOJIELIUDEYOULIHUOXINGXIJUN、XIJUNSHITI、QITAXUANFUWUHEBUFENDAFENZIYOUJIWUZAIQUANBUHUOBUFENFANHUISHENGWUMOFANYINGQI。BEIMOJIELIUDEYOULIHUOXINGXIJUNHUIZAISHENGWUFANYINGQIZHONGBEIBUDUANFUJI。DANGZHEIXIEHUOXINGXIJUNBEIFUJIDAOJIAOGAONONGDUSHI,TAMENDESHENGWUJIANGJIEZUOYONGJIUHUIMINGXIANDETIXIANCHULAI,YICIKEYIJIAQIANGLESHENGWUFANYINGQIDEXIAOLV。BEIMOJIELIUDEXIJUNSHITIHEDAFENZIYOUJIWUHUIBUDUANXUNHUANHUIDAOGUDINGCHUANGSHENGWUFANYINGQIZHONG,SHIZHIZAISHENGWUFANYINGQIZHONGTINGLIUSHIJIANHENONGDUCHENGBEIDIZENGZHANG。CISHI,GUDINGCHUANGSHENGWUFANYINGQIHUIZHUJIANXUNHUACHUJIANGJIEZHEIXIEWUZHIDEXIJUNJUNLUO,ZHEIXIEXIJUNJUNLUOJIANGZHEIXIETONGCHANGSUICHUSHUIPAIFANGDENANJIANGJIEDEWURANWUJIANGJIE。BEIMOJIELIUDEWUNIZAIFANHUISHENGWUMOFANYINGQI,TONGGUOSHENGWUFANYINGQIJIANGJIEERJIANDIWUNIPAILIANG。YOUCIKEJIANMOFENLIZHUANGZHIJIELIUWUDEFANKUIKEYICONGDUOFANGMIANQIANGHUASHENGWUFANYINGQI,TIGAOSHENGWUFANYINGQIDEXIAOLV。ERSHENGWUFANYINGQIXIAOLVDETIGAOKEYIJINYIBUTIGAOSHENGWUFANYINGQICHUSHUISHUIZHI,JIANXIAOMOFENLIZHUANGZHIDEGONGZUOYALI,JIAQIANGMOFENLIZHUANGZHIDECHULIXIAOGUO。YINCI,GUDINGCHUANGSHENGWUFANYINGQIHEMOFENLIZHUANGZHIDEJIEHEKEYIHUXIANGJIAQIANG,QIDAOJIAOHAODECHULIXIAOGUO。

 

工业废水最新处理技术

1.MOJISHU

MOFENLIFACHANGYONGDEYOUWEILV、NALV、CHAOLVHEFANSHENTOUDENGJISHU。YOUYUMOJISHUZAICHULIGUOCHENGZHONGBUYINRUQITAZAZHI,KEYISHIXIANDAFENZIHEXIAOFENZIWUZHIDEFENLI,YINCICHANGYONGYUGEZHONGDAFENZIYUANLIAODEHUISHOU。RULIYONGCHAOLVJISHUHUISHOUYINRANFEISHUIDEJUYIXICHUNJIANGLIAODENG。MUQIANXIANZHIMOJISHUGONGCHENGYINGYONGTUIGUANGDEZHUYAONANDIANSHIMODEZAOJIAGAO、SHOUMINGDUAN、YISHOUWURANHEJIEGOUDUSAIDENG。BANSUIZHEMOSHENGCHANJISHUDEFAZHAN,MOJISHUJIANGZAIFEISHUICHULILINGYUDEDAOYUELAIYUEDUODEYINGYONG。

2.TIETANWEIDIANJIECHULIJISHU

TIETANWEIDIANJIEFASHILIYONGFe/CYUANDIANCHIFANYINGYUANLIDUIFEISHUIJINXINGCHULIDELIANGHAOGONGYI,YOUCHENGNEIDIANJIEFA、TIEXIEGUOLVFADENG。TIETANWEIDIANJIEFASHIDIANHUAXUEDEYANGHUAHAIYUAN、DIANHUAXUEDIANDUIDUIXUTIDEDIANFUJIZUOYONG、YIJIDIANHUAXUEFANYINGCHANWUDENINGJU、XINSHENGXUTIDEXIFUHECHUANGCENGGUOLVDENGZUOYONGDEZONGHEXIAOYING,QIZHONGZHUYAOSHIYANGHUAHAIYUANHEDIANFUJIJININGJUZUOYONG。TIEXIEJINMEIZAIHANDALIANGDIANJIEZHIDEFEISHUIZHONGSHI,XINGCHENGWUSHUGEWEIXIAODEYUANDIANCHI,ZAITIEXIEZHONGJIARUJIAOTANHOU,TIEXIEYUJIAOTANLIJIECHUJINYIBUXINGCHENGDAYUANDIANCHI,SHITIEXIEZAISHOUDAOWEIYUANDIANCHIFUSHIDEJICHUSHANG,YOUSHOUDAODAYUANDIANCHIDEFUSHI,CONGERJIAKUAILEDIANHUAXUEFANYINGDEJINXING。CIFAJUYOUSHIYONGFANWEIGUANG、CHULIXIAOGUOHAO、SHIYONGSHOUMINGZHANG、CHENGBENDILIANJICAOZUOWEIHUFANGBIANDENGZHUDUOYOUDIAN,BINGSHIYONGFEITIEXIEWEIYUANLIAO,YEBUXUXIAOHAODIANLIZIYUAN,JUYOU“YIFEIZHIFEI”DEYIYI。MUQIANTIETANWEIDIANJIEJISHUYIJINGGUANGFANYINGYONGYUYINRAN、NONGYAO/ZHIYAO、ZHONGJINSHU、SHIYOUHUAGONGJIYOUFENDENGFEISHUIYIJILAJISHENLVYECHULI,QUDELELIANGHAODEXIAOGUO。

3.FentonJILEIFentonYANGHUAFA

典型的Fenton试剂是由Fe2+催化H2O2分解产生˙OH,从而引发有机物的氧化降解反应。由于Fenton法处理废水所需时间长,使用的试剂量 多,而且过量的Fe2+将增大处理后废水中的COD并产生二次污染。

近年来,人们将紫外光、可见光等引入Fenton体系,并研究采用其他过渡金属替代Fe2+,这些方法可显著增强Fenton试剂对有机物的氧化降解能力,减少Fenton试剂的用量,降低处理成本,统称为类Fenton反应。

FentonFAFANYINGTIAOJIANWENHE,SHEBEIJIAOWEIJIANDAN,SHIYONGFANWEIGUANG;JIKEZUOWEIDANDUCHULIJISHUYINGYONG,YEKEYUQITAFANGFALIANYONG,RUYUHUNNINGCHENDIANFA、HUOXINGTANFA、SHENGWUCHULIFADENGLIANYONG,ZUOWEINANJIANGJIEYOUJIFEISHUIDEYUCHULIHUOSHENDUCHULIFANGFA。

4.CHOUYANGYANGHUA

MOUZHIYAOFEISHUIXIANGMUCHOUYANGGONGYILIUCHENG

臭氧是一种强氧化剂,与还原态污染物反应时速度快,使用方便,不产生二次污染,可用于污水的消毒、除色、除臭、去除有机物和降低COD等。单独使用臭氧氧化法造价高、处理成本昂贵,且其氧化反应具有选择性,对某些卤代烃及农药等氧化效果比较差。为此,近年来发展了旨在提高臭氧氧化效率的相关组合技术,其中UV/O3、H2O2/O3、UV/H2O2/O3等组合方式不仅可提高氧化速率和效率,而且能够氧化臭氧单独作用时难以氧化降解的有机物。由于臭氧在水中的溶解度较低,且臭氧产生效率低、耗能大,因此增大臭氧在水中的溶解度、提高臭氧的利用率、研制高效低能耗的臭氧发生装置成为研究的主要方向。

5.CIFENLIJISHU

CIFENLIJISHUSHIJINNIANLAIFAZHANDEYIZHONGXINXINGDELIYONGFEISHUIZHONGZAZHIKELIDECIXINGJINXINGFENLIDESHUICHULIJISHU。DUIYUSHUIZHONGFEICIXINGHUORUOCIXINGDEKELI,LIYONGCIXINGJIEZHONGJISHUKESHITAMENJUYOUCIXING。

CIFENLIJISHUYINGYONGYUFEISHUICHULIYOUSANZHONGFANGFA:ZHIJIECIFENLIFA、JIANJIECIFENLIFAHEWEISHENGWU—CIFENLIFA。MUQIANYANJIUDECIXINGHUAJISHUZHUYAOBAOKUOCIXINGTUANJUJISHU、TIEYANGONGCHENJISHU、TIEFENFA、TIEYANGTIFADENG,JUYOUDAIBIAOXINGDECIFENLISHEBEISHIYUANPANCIFENLIQIHEGAOTIDUCIGUOLVQI。MUQIANCIFENLIJISHUHAICHUYUSHIYANSHIYANJIUJIEDUAN,HAIBUNENGYINGYONGYUSHIJIGONGCHENGSHIJIAN。

6.DIWENDENGLIZISHUICHULIJISHU

DIWENDENGLIZITISHUICHULIJISHU,BAOKUOGAOYAMAICHONGFANGDIANDENGLIZITISHUICHULIJISHUHEHUIGUANGFANGDIANDENGLIZITISHUICHULIJISHU,SHILIYONGFANGDIANZHIJIEZAISHUIRONGYEZHONGCHANSHENGDENGLIZITI,HUOZHEJIANGQITIFANGDIANDENGLIZITIZHONGDEHUOXINGLIZIYINRUSHUIZHONG,KESHISHUIZHONGDEWURANWUCHEDIYANGHUA、FENJIE。

SHUIRONGYEZHONGDEZHIJIEMAICHONGFANGDIANKEYIZAICHANGWENCHANGYAXIACAOZUO,ZHENGGEFANGDIANGUOCHENGZHONGWUXUJIARUCUIHUAJIJIUKEYIZAISHUIRONGYEZHONGCHANSHENGYUANWEIDEHUAXUEYANGHUAXINGWUZHONGYANGHUAJIANGJIEYOUJIWU,GAIXIANGJISHUDUIDINONGDUYOUJIWUDECHULIJINGJIQIEYOUXIAO。CIWAI,YINGYONGMAICHONGFANGDIANDENGLIZITISHUICHULIJISHUDEFANYINGQIXINGSHIKEYILINGHUODIAOZHENG,CAOZUOGUOCHENGJIANDAN,XIANGYINGDEWEIHUFEIYONGYEJIAODI。SHOUFANGDIANSHEBEIDEXIANZHI,GAIGONGYIJIANGJIEYOUJIWUDENENGLIANGLIYONGLVJIAODI,DENGLIZITIJISHUZAISHUICHULIZHONGDEYINGYONGHAICHUZAIYANFAJIEDUAN。

7.DIANHUAXUE(CUIHUA)YANGHUA

DIANHUAXUE(CUIHUA)YANGHUAJISHUTONGGUOYANGJIFANYINGZHIJIEJIANGJIEYOUJIWU,HUOTONGGUOYANGJIFANYINGCHANSHENGQIANGJIZIYOUJI(˙OH)、CHOUYANGDENGYANGHUAJIJIANGJIEYOUJIWU。

DIANHUAXUE(CUIHUA)YANGHUABAOKUOERWEIHESANWEIDIANJITIXI。YOUYUSANWEIDIANJITIXIDEWEIDIANCHANGDIANJIEZUOYONG,MUQIANBEISHOUTUICHONG。SANWEIDIANJISHIZAICHUANTONGDEERWEIDIANJIECAODEDIANJIJIANZHUANGTIANLIZHUANGHUOQITASUIXIEZHUANGGONGZUODIANJICAILIAO,BINGSHIZHUANGTIANDECAILIAOBIAOMIANDAIDIAN,CHENGWEIDISANJI,QIEZAIGONGZUODIANJICAILIAOBIAOMIANNENGFASHENGDIANHUAXUEFANYING。YUERWEIPINGBANDIANJIXIANGBI,SANWEIDIANJIJUYOUHENDADEBIBIAOMIAN,NENGGOUZENGJIADIANJIECAODEMIANTIBI,NENGYIJIAODIDIANLIUMIDUTIGONGJIAODADEDIANLIUQIANGDU,LIZIJIANJUXIAOERWUZHICHUANZHISUDUGAO,SHIKONGZHUANHUANXIAOLVGAO,YINCIDIANLIUXIAOLVGAO、CHULIXIAOGUOHAO。SANWEIDIANJIKEYONGYUCHULISHENGHUOWUSHUI,NONGYAO、RANLIAO、ZHIYAO、HANFENFEISHUIDENGNANJIANGJIEYOUJIFEISHUI,JINSHULIZI,LAJISHENLVYEDENG。

8.FUSHEJISHU

20SHIJI70NIANDAIQI,SUIZHEDAXINGGUYUANHEDIANZIJIASUQIJISHUDEFAZHAN,FUSHEJISHUYINGYONGZHONGDEFUSHEYUANWENTIZHUBUDEDAOGAISHAN。LIYONGFUSHEJISHUCHULIFEISHUIZHONGWURANWUDEYANJIUYINQILEGEGUODEGUANZHUHEZHONGSHI。YUCHUANTONGDEHUAXUEYANGHUAXIANGBI,LIYONGFUSHEJISHUCHULIWURANWU,BUXUJIARUHUOZHIXUSHAOLIANGJIARUHUAXUESHIJI,BUHUICHANSHENGERCIWURAN,JUYOUJIANGJIEXIAOLVGAO、FANYINGSUDUKUAI、WURANWUJIANGJIECHEDIDENGYOUDIAN。ERQIE,DANGDIANLIFUSHEYUYANGQI、CHOUYANGDENGCUIHUAYANGHUASHOUDUANLIANHESHIYONGSHI,HUICHANSHENG“XIETONGXIAOYING”。YINCI,FUSHEJISHUCHULIWURANWUSHIYIZHONGQINGJIEDE、KECHIXULIYONGDEJISHU,BEIGUOJIYUANZINENGJIGOULIEWEI21SHIJIHEPINGLIYONGYUANZINENGDEZHUYAOYANJIUFANGXIANG。

9.GUANGHUAXUECUIHUAYANGHUA

GUANGHUAXUECUIHUAYANGHUAJISHUSHIZAIGUANGHUAXUEYANGHUADEJICHUSHANGFAZHANQILAIDE,YUGUANGHUAXUEFAXIANGBI,YOUGENGQIANGDEYANGHUANENGLI,KESHIYOUJIWURANWUGENGCHEDIDIJIANGJIE。GUANGHUAXUECUIHUAYANGHUASHIZAIYOUCUIHUAJIDETIAOJIANXIADEGUANGHUAXUEJIANGJIE,YANGHUAJIZAIGUANGDEFUSHEXIACHANSHENGYANGHUANENGLIJIAOQIANGDEZIYOUJI。

催化剂有TiO2、ZnO、WO3、CdS、ZnS、SnO2和Fe3O4等。分为均相和非均相两种类型,均相光催化降解是以Fe2+或Fe3+及H2O2为介质,通过光助-Fenton反应产生羟基自由基使污染物得到降解;非均相催化降解是在污染体系中投入一定量的光敏半导体材料,如TiO2、ZnO等,同时结合光辐射,使光敏半导体在光的照射下激发产生电子—空穴对,吸附在半导体上的溶解氧、水分子等与电子—空穴作用,产生˙OH等氧化能力极强的自由基。TiO2光催化氧化技术在氧化降解水中有机污染物,特别是难降解有机污染物时有明显的优势

10.CHAOLINJIESHUIYANGHUA(scwo)JISHU

SCWO是以超临界水为介质,均相氧化分解有机物。可以在短时间内将有机污染物分解为CO2、H2O等无机小分子,而硫、磷和氮原子分别转化成硫酸盐、磷酸盐、硝酸根和亚硝酸根离子或氮气。美国把SCWO法列为能源与环境领域最有前途的废物处理技术。

SCWOFANYINGSULVKUAI、TINGLIUSHIJIANDUAN;YANGHUAXIAOLVGAO,DABUFENYOUJIWUCHULILVKEDA99%YISHANG;FANYINGQIJIEGOUJIANDAN,SHEBEITIJIXIAO;CHULIFANWEIGUANG,BUJINKEYIYONGYUGEZHONGYOUDUWUZHI、FEISHUI、FEIWUDECHULI,HAIKEYIYONGYUFENJIEYOUJIHUAHEWU;BUXUWAIJIEGONGRE,CHULICHENGBENDI;XUANZEXINGHAO,TONGGUODIAOJIEWENDUYUYALI,KEYIGAIBIANSHUIDEMIDU、ZHANDU、KUOSANXISHUDENGWUHUATEXING,CONGERGAIBIANQIDUIYOUJIWUDERONGJIEXINGNENG,DADAOXUANZEXINGDIKONGZHIFANYINGCHANWUDEMUDE。

CHAOLINJIEYANGHUAFAZAIMEIGUO、DEGUO、RUIDIAN、RIBENDENGOUMEIGUOJIAYIJINGYOULEGONGYIYINGYONG,DANZHONGGUODEYANJIUQIBUJIAOWAN,HAICHUYUSHIYANSHIYANJIUJIEDUAN。